Bedding plants

Transplant apple tree - how it is done

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If the apple tree has become too extensive in its previous position, it should be transplanted. You can find out how to do this correctly here.

© Александр Нестеров - Fotolia.com During the house construction phase, many people mean well and give away trees of life, shrubs and plants to future house owners. So that these plants do not die, they are planted in a place where you think it could fit.

But apple trees in particular become quite expansive over the years. The crown can be up to 10 meters wide. If the apple tree is then planted too close to the house, it becomes tight. The tree has to go. But is it that easy? Can you transplant an apple tree? Yes you can. But good preparation is required.

Transplant apple tree correctly - tips & instructions

If the apple tree has only been standing for three to four years, you can still plant it with a clear conscience. However, the longer the tree is in place, the more it is rooted. The chance that it will grow again at the new location is significantly lower. Because like with the crown, the roots become wider and deeper over the years.

❀ Apple tree root types

The tree consists of different roots, each of which has a different function. The root system consists of main and secondary roots and so-called fine roots. These absorb the water from the earth and pass it on to the main and secondary roots, which collect it and then pass it on to the trunk.

The longer the tree has been rooted, the further the fine roots are removed. If you now dig out the apple tree, the root system often only has major and minor roots. In most cases, the fine roots grow back pretty quickly. However, there are also sensitive trees, which can cause growth problems because the water supply is stopped.

" Tip: Tree gardeners therefore transplant their trees every three years or pierce the roots so that the fine roots cannot move as far.

❀ Transplant apple tree - explained step by step

The best time to replant the apple tree is autumn. So the roots can get used to the new environment without the frost damaging it.

➤ Step 1: Expose the apple tree

Use a sharp spade to dig a trench about the size of the treetop. The vital fine roots are finally in the outer area. You should also be as generous as possible when it comes to depth. In this way you can be sure that the apple tree still retains all the roots it needs during the transplanting phase so that it can grow optimally at the new location.

➤ Step 2: dig out the planting hole
Find a suitable place for your apple tree. For the harvest yield and the taste of the fruits, it is extremely important that apples have a sunny location. So dig out a planting hole corresponding to the root and improve the soil with some mature compost.

➤ Step 3: Secure the apple tree against damage in transit
So that nothing happens when the apple tree is transported, you should secure the tree with a rope. To do this, tie the rope around the branches and tie everything sufficiently.

➤ Step 4: Expose the root
A lot of soil sticks between the individual roots, which makes transportation unnecessarily difficult. So shrink the root ball by loosening the soil with a digging fork and removing excess soil.

➤ Step 5: move the apple tree
Now you can transport your apple tree to the new location. However, make absolutely sure that the tree is only planted as deep as it was before. You can now insert a pole on the east side to give the tree the necessary stability. Tie the pole to the tree with a coconut knit. Place the stretchable rope in a figure eight around the tree and post. Then the gaps are wrapped and the ends are tightly knotted.

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➤ Step 6: Fill the planting hole
Finally, the planting hole is filled with the compost. Carefully step on the earth and water the tree well. So that the apple tree grows optimally and bears a rich harvest in the coming years, you should now ensure regular watering. However, this does not mean that you have to tip a lot of watering cans with water onto the earth every day. On the contrary, every 2 to 3 days is sufficient. Water too much and too often the roots rot and the tree dies.

" My advice: If you are unsure about watering, you can dig a small hole near the tree. If the soil is still damp at 10 centimeters, you do not need to water.

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