The ornamental garden without a tree? Inconceivably. Whether as a house tree or spherical, columnar or perhaps conical decorative wood, they give the garden structure.There is probably no reason to interpret this: the ornamental garden includes strong ornamental trees that are used for pillar, cone or spherical trees. These should primarily have a decorative effect. When designing, however, attention should be paid to the expected height and the crown circumference, which should be in a balanced relationship to the garden size. Personal taste also plays an important role in the choice of trees. This can be fragrance, optical stimuli from leaves and flowers, as well as fruit formation. Which ornamental trees are suitable as trees? Take a look for yourself and decide according to your personal taste and suit your garden.
Trees in the ornamental garden
Trees that take up little space and cast little shade are ideal for the small garden.
1Laubbäume© Zerbor - Fotolia.com
Ul Golden elm (Ulmus hollandica 'Wredei)
The gold elm is suitable for smaller gardens due to its small size. The tree can grow up to 10 meters high and 5 meters wide. This small tree or tree-like shrub is characterized by an upright growth and its narrow, columnar to funnel-shaped crown. The branches and twigs grow taut upright and densely branched, from which bright yellow leaves emerge. The ornamental value of the golden elm lies solely in the foliage. Later their color changes from yellow to yellow-green. The leaves of the golden elm are less intensely colored in shady locations.
❷ Japanese maple (Acer japonicum)
© eqroy - Fotolia.com The Japanese maple is a feast for the eyes for every garden. This shrub-like ornamental tree is hardy and easy to maintain. Its leaves turn bright colors in autumn. Depending on the variety, these can range from yellow to orange to red. The color of the attractive umbel-like flowers with their purple goblets and rose-colored petals is just as intense. The location is decisive for healthy and lush growth. This should be sunny to partially shaded. If the soil is well prepared and the tree is regularly watered well after the plants, then nothing stands in the way of prosperous development.
❸ Ball acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia 'Umbraculifera')© osiris59 - Fotolia.com Whether in the front yard as an ornamental plant or as a shade in the park, the decorative ball acacia attracts the attention of garden and nature lovers with almost English charm. The numerous types of acacia are extremely robust and easy to care for. However, spherical trees must be cut regularly. Even hobby gardeners with less experience in tree pruning can do the ball pruning easily and. If you want to cultivate these trees, you can do this with little botanical knowledge, since spherical trees are very easy to care for.
2Flowering trees© progarten - Fotolia.com
❶ Ball Trumpet Tree (Catalpa bignonioides)With a ball trumpet tree, a striking appearance grows up in your garden. At a young age it forms a spherical crown, in old age the tree grows more in width than in height. The leaves are reminiscent of elephant ears. The leaves lie on top of each other like a brick, like a dense roof. In autumn, the tree shines with its beautiful yellow leaves. Ball-shaped trumpet trees are ideal for gate entrances, as house trees and bird protection trees. In addition, the maintenance of the ball trumpet tree is uncomplicated.
❷ Tulip magnolia (Magnolia soulangiana)With its large, tulip-shaped individual flowers, with a white base color and pink-violet colors, the magnolia tree is one of the most popular ornamental trees among hobby gardeners. This blooming rarity can be found widely as a large shrub or as a small, short-stemmed tree that reaches a height of 3 to 5 meters. In old age it also gets higher. The tulip magnolia unfolds its splendid bloom from April to May before the leaves shoot. In summer there can occasionally be a weak after-bloom. The spreading crown on a short and mostly crooked trunk in older trees is typical of the plant.
Gold Common laburnum (Laburnum anagyroides)© M. Schuppich - Fotolia.com When designing your ornamental garden, garden enthusiasts will be happy to use the common laburnum (Laburnum anagyroides). This wonderful flowering plant is ideal for solitary use in the garden. The numerous bright yellow flowers in loose, arched, overhanging grapes are particularly attractive. These grapes reach a length of 20 - 30 cm. In terms of color, the common laburnum looks very beautiful with the lilac-pink flowers of the arching overhanging panicles of Chinese lilac and behind a red rhododendron.
❹ Japanese cherry (Prunus serrulata)With its striking white or pink blooms, the Japanese cherry is an excellent decorative element in the front gardens in spring, but also as a solitary plant in every garden. There are countless varieties of this tree, which differ not only in color, but also in their natural growth form. They do not cultivate this grove differently than any other. It is extremely important for a lush bloom, the growth and shape of the tree to cut the ornamental cherry regularly.
3 Fruit-bearing trees© Valeriy - Fotolia.com
❶ Rowan ash (Sorbus aucuparia)For the ornamental garden, cultivated forms of mountain ash are offered, which reach a height of up to 3 meters. However, there are also trees of this type that can grow much taller. The columnar mountain ash is a strong shrub, which is raised to the column shape by a suitable cut. The approximately 20 centimeters long, dark green, matt glossy leaves of the tree are pinnately pinnate. From September on the rowan is particularly noticeable with its large fruit cones of bright crimson berries. These form a good color contrast to the dark foliage.
❷ Ornamental Apple (Malus spec.)
© AnnaReinert - Fotolia.comThe ornamental apple tree has a rather delicate growth. Characteristic are the beautiful flowers, the leaves with their autumn colors and of course the crab apples. The robust shrubs are very easy to care for. Ornamental apple trees give the garden an appealing look all year round. This ornamental tree is available in many interesting varieties, some even have tasty fruits.
❸ Blood Plum (Prunus cerasifera)© Robert Leßmann - Fotolia.comLuminous pink flowers that unfold in April and the dark red leaves characterize the blood plum. Although it is often used in urban parks, it has now also found a place in small ornamental gardens. The blood plum can be combined very well with the white flowering cherry plum. However, it only gets a few fruits, but they taste very good and the pulp has a nice appearance. The blood plum is a popular nesting site for birds. Therefore, it should be cut in late June. On the one hand, the first growth phase is completed at this point, and on the other hand, the offspring have left the nests.
4Nadelbäume© LianeM - Fotolia.com
Mädchen Japanese white pine (Pinus parviflora)The shrub-like Japanese white pine is suitable in many ways for small themed gardens. It gives structure to the heather garden, as well as Japanese gardens or the aesthetically designed, colorful ornamental garden. It is characterized by a broad, conical and irregular, but nevertheless well branched and therefore dense and bushy shape. The Japanese white pine has slow growth. In 15 years it will reach a height and width of around 2 meters. Your needles are twisted, soft and gentle. The abundance of cones is small, but they keep on the same tree for two years.
❷ Juniper (Juniperus communis)© fox17 - Fotolia.com One of the most popular coniferous plants in home gardens is juniper because it is robust and easy to care for. Juniper is not sensitive to the cold, but needs a lot of light. This should be taken into account when choosing the location. Column juniper is particularly popular with hobby gardeners. It is ideal for the stone and heather garden because of its special ornamental value. In addition, the character of the juniper pillar shapes the structure of these themed gardens. Birds, bees and useful insects like to settle on it.
❸ yew (Taxus baccata)
© Iva - Fotolia.com Hardly any other conifer is as versatile as the yew tree. The green or yellow soft needles of this wood adorn the garden in summer and in winter. Yew trees can grow old. In recent years, numerous yew forms with different growth forms and yellow to dark green needles have emerged, which are well suited for the individual position - from the yellow-needle columnar shape to the wide-grown yew tree with overhanging shoots, the so-called eagle-winged yew tree. This ornamental tree likes a partially shady to shady location. It develops better on this than on a sunny, exposed place in the garden.
❹ Cypress (Cupressus)© Kai - Fotolia.com The growth form and color of the individual cypress family are different. The columnar solitary plant has proven itself for the small garden. Cypresses grow very quickly. If they are not cut back regularly, some varieties can reach a height of around 10 meters. That's why cypresses are cut back at least once a year, either in autumn or spring. However, because they are only partially hardy, they should definitely be planted in a protected location.