Cyprus grasses have been known since ancient times and are still very popular today. Taking the requirements into account, Cyprus grasses prove to be uncomplicated and easy to care for.© emer - Fotolia.com
Cyprus grasses (Cyperus) belong to the sour grass family and are distributed worldwide. The most perennial plants occur in about 600 species. The generic name Cyperus is derived from the Greek equivalent "kýperon" for aquatic and meadow plants with aromatic roots. In our latitudes, Cyprus grass provides exotic charm, especially as a houseplant. The vigorous tropical plants can also spend the summer outdoors, in pots or in a garden pond. Here is our contribution Planting Cyprus Grass - Tips for cultivation in the house, bed and garden pond as a reading tip.
The natural range of the Cyprus grass
Cyprus grasses are distributed almost worldwide and thrive in the temperate, tropical and subtropical climate zone. Almost 100 species have been identified in North America alone. China accounts for over 60 species and Madagascar is also home to around 100 species. In Europe, the Cyprus grass is represented with almost 30 species. The varieties native to our latitudes include:
- Tall Cyprus grass
- Brown Cyprus grass
- Hank-Cyprus grass
- Fresh green Cyprus grass
Recommended reading: Cyprus grass: the 10 most beautiful varieties presented.
How to properly care for the Cyprus grass
❍ Water Cyprus grass:
Cyprus grasses always need enough water. The swamp plant would like to stand in a saucer or planter that is about half full of water. She prefers lime-free water. Regular watering is therefore mandatory, because under no circumstances the root ball should dry out. This makes the Cyprus grass one of the few plants that have no problems with waterlogging and even wish for them. However, the plants cannot tolerate being completely under water.
The plants also need a high level of humidity. In the room, it should not be less than 60 percent. Brown leaf tips indicate that the plant is too dry. Therefore, spray the plants regularly with room-warm water. This also applies to plants that are outdoors. On dry days, you must also spray these plants regularly with water. Rainwater is very suitable for this.
It is also a good idea to set up an additional container filled with water next to the plant. Additional humidifiers on the heating also improve the indoor climate. By the way, the Cyprus grass is particularly endangered in winter because dry heating air does not like the exotic.
❍ Fertilize Cyprus grass:
Fertilization is not a big deal with Cyprus grass. In the field or in the garden pond, fertilizers can be left out entirely. If you upgrade the soil in spring with compost or stable manure, the plant will receive sufficient nutrients outdoors for the summer months. Plants in the garden pond are supplied with pond water and also do not require fertilization.
Container plants, on the other hand, have a higher nutrient requirement and should be supplied with a commercially available liquid fertilizer for container plants every month during the growth period between April and September. As fertilizer for container plants you can e.g. Use fertilizer for aquarium plants. In any case, fertilize sparingly. Over-fertilization is noticeable in the withering and yellowing of the leaves and damages the plant.
❍ Cut Cyprus grass:
Cyprus grass is quite growth-friendly and can grow two to three meters high with good care. However, a cut is not absolutely necessary. If plant parts become brown and withered due to a lack of humidity or irrigation, you should of course remove them generously. If you want, you can easily cut the plants back before moving to the winter quarters. A radical cut back is not common with the water palm.
❍ hibernate Cyprus grass:
The exotic does not tolerate cold and frost well. Plants in the field must therefore be brought into the house when the thermometer drops to around eight degrees at night. This can be the case in late summer. Then it is time to find a protected and warm winter location for the Cyprus grasses in the bed, tub and garden pond.
The plants generally want to hibernate brightly. The temperature should also be between 15 and 20 degrees. A place above the heater is not advisable, because the dry heating air can severely affect the swamp plant. Check the plants in the winter quarters regularly for pests and spray the Cyprus grass with room-warm water. If you keep the Cyprus grass all year round as a houseplant, it is not absolutely necessary to cool the plant in winter.
Recognize and avoid care errors in Cyprus grass
❍ Help with rotten plants:
- pour with warm, lime-free water
- spray frequently
- Change location
- fill less water into the coaster
- Remove withered plant parts
❍ Help with brown leaf tips:
- do not place over the heater
- Increase humidity
- spray frequently
- Check coasters and top up with water if necessary
- Place additional humidifiers in the room