Young plane trees need very intensive care because they are not yet well rooted. Older plants, on the other hand, require almost no maintenance.© SusaZoom - Fotolia.com
The plane tree (Platanus hispanica) is one of the very old tree species that already existed in the Neolithic period. The deciduous tree is very popular today and can often be found in parks and avenues, and it also stands out due to its maple-shaped leaves and beautiful bark. Some gardeners are thrilled that the deciduous tree grows very abundantly and at the same time remains easy to maintain. The conditions must be right to be able to plant the tree in the first place. Because a lot of space and a deep floor is required. However, once the planting has been successful, the care is usually crowned with success. Because the tree does not make many demands.
What is important for the correct care of the tree?
On the one hand, the plane tree, as a deciduous tree, needs a suitable location in order to thrive splendidly. Soil containing humus is also very important for the deciduous tree. If the location and soil match the needs of the tree, you can enjoy a hardy deciduous tree, which is a real feast for the eyes, especially in spring, summer and autumn. Nevertheless, you should know how to water and fertilize the tree properly, which is particularly important for younger trees of this type. The correct cutting of the tree also needs to be understood so that its growth is not impaired. But what exactly needs to be considered in these areas?
First of all, you should know more about the tree itself:
- grows up to 35 meters high
- creates a lush crown
- loves the sun, total shade is not tolerated
- Deciduous tree is known to shed both leaves and bark in autumn
- Leaf tan is the most common disease of the plane tree
- Winter hardy deciduous tree
- is deeply rooted, which is why a deep location in terms of soil is required
Care for young plantYoung plane trees are very in need of care - © womue - Fotolia.com If you have just planted a young plant, you should note that the roots are not yet able to draw moisture from the ground completely independently. This means that regular watering is all the more important for young trees and should never be neglected. In the first years after the first hibernation, it is then only important to add a lot of water in the summer months - preferably lime-free water from the rain barrel or freshly boiled. The floor should practically always be kept moist without appearing too wet so that there is no damaging waterlogging. So you have to check regularly that the floor is slightly dry again - it would be time for the watering. With young plane trees, it is also advantageous from time to time to incorporate some compost or slightly diluted fertilizer into the soil all around to provide the tree with better nutrients.
Maintain older plane trees
If the tree is already a few years old and is no longer considered a young plane tree, it can be left to its own devices. As with other trees, watering will no longer be necessary over time, as the deciduous tree draws moisture from the ground through its deeply penetrating roots. So the gardener can confidently do without regular watering. It doesn't hurt, however, to help out over a longer period of time in the event of severe drought. Fertilization can also be reduced somewhat, so that only one additional nutrient is added to the soil in spring. Otherwise the plane tree actually has everything it needs for good growth.
Cut plane tree?Plane trees with a roof cut © neurobite - Fotolia.com The good thing is that the plane tree forgives even big mistakes when it comes to cuts. Because she is very fond of growth and can even be pushed to a certain growth by parenting cuts. One thing should always be done when the gardener deems it necessary: removing dead or sick shoots and branches. This can be done in any season, and there is not really anything to consider here. In the case of parenting cuts for a certain shape or even rejuvenation, it is all the more important to note: The plane tree may only be cut back during the break in the vegetation, i.e. in winter, when the growth of the tree is stopped. Disturbing branches are completely removed, which is also much easier due to the lack of leaves in winter. A sharp tool is indispensable for this so that the cuts in the tree can heal well and quickly.
Hibernate young plane tree
The plane tree is usually a hardy deciduous tree that does not need much help against frost or cold temperatures. While older trees of this kind make it through the winter themselves, the situation is different for young plants: they should be very well protected, especially in the first three years, and still have to get used to wintering alone. It is therefore worthwhile to put fleece and brushwood aside to keep the surface of the earth warmer for root conservation. Bark mulch and compost are also good for this, as over time they deposit nutrients on the roots revived in spring.
If you choose a plane tree in your garden, you have to invest a lot of time in the care of young plants. Once the plant is deeply rooted, it can survive largely without your help.Advantages of the plane tree
✔ makes no great demands and requires no special care
✔ in age the handsome tree takes care of itself
✔ Plane tree tolerates cuts very well, provided that they are made at the right time
✔ is satisfied with a sunny, spacious locationDisadvantages of the plane tree
✘ Young plants need to be watered and fertilized more often
✘ Young plane trees must be covered with fleece or brushwood for the winter
✘ A lot of work is required in autumn due to the falling leaves and the falling bark
✘ radical cuts only possible in winter