Houseplants

Multiply hawthorn - by sowing or using cuttings

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Due to its positive properties, hawthorn is one of the most popular ornamental plants. We show you 2 ways how you can multiply them.

© M. Schuppich - Fotolia.com

The hawthorn (Crataegus sp.) Is a very popular plant in Germany for many reasons, which can be cultivated as a shrub, as a hedge or as a single tree. In all three variants, the hawthorn offers some advantages that are especially valued by less experienced gardeners. No wonder that the goal of the owner or lover is often to get several plants of the hawthorn. Whether to plant some hedges, to give away or to cultivate a single tree. How you can multiply the hawthorn is described in detail below.

Features hawthorn

Whether as a hedge, shrub or tree - the hawthorn is characterized by some positive properties that most gardeners will still enjoy a lot of after many years. So hawthorn hedges are very dense and compactly branched. This means that they provide a lot of shade and hardly allow outside views. So if you still need privacy protection in your garden, you can easily create it with the plant.

It is very helpful that the hawthorn can cope well in almost any place, with all soil compositions and also a lot of sun, so that planting should not be a problem. The fact that the dense, rich leaves are adorned with delicate flowers in spring and soon bear edible fruits that are often used for jam is also a big plus. The only disadvantage of the hawthorn is that due to some pruning, it produces slightly fewer flowers and therefore fruits, so that the harvest is minimized. Otherwise, the hawthorn can convince many people again and again. Most owners find these facts very interesting:

→ The crop grows up to five meters high
→ Flowering in spring, fruits in late summer or early autumn
→ tolerates parenting cuts very well
→ dense and branched growth
→ has thorns that protect birds and small animals from predators
→ bears red, edible fruits

  • Benefits
  • disadvantage
✔ grows pretty fast and dense, so you can quickly benefit from the privacy screen
✔ serves as a nesting and breeding ground for birds, which provides them with security
✔ makes it possible to harvest edible fruits
✔ Blossom provides a delicate, fresh fragrance in the garden and attracts various insects
✔ Generally tolerates cuts well
✔ Multiplication gives you several plants that can be set up and used as a row of hedges
✘ Cuts can reduce the harvest

No expert knowledge required to propagate

The good news is that hawthorn propagation is not an art. So you don't have to be very experienced in the field, nor do you have to have a particularly green thumb to create a whole hedge line from a hawthorn plant or to get several individual plants. The hawthorn hedge or the shrub can be propagated either by the seeds contained in the own fruits, or by cuttings, which shorten the waiting time somewhat. How do you do both in order to see success as quickly as possible?

Propagate fruit harvested by sowing

If you were able to harvest some hawthorn fruits, you have to use them to obtain the seeds. The pulp must be removed. If the seeds are fresh, they can still be used in autumn to grow hawthorn seedlings. For this you need several small flower pots or alternatively a bedding box in which the seeds can be sown.

Hawthorn seeds are cold germs

The hawthorn seeds are cold germs. Therefore, they do not have to be placed in a very warm place or covered with cling film for a greenhouse effect. They also thrive under conventional conditions. If there is no frost in autumn or if the temperatures are still sufficient, the seeds can even germinate outdoors. Once the germs have grown and are at least two centimeters high, they can be pricked out to get into their own vessels - if not already done.

Hawthorn seedlings continue to germinate outside in spring

As soon as spring arrives and frost no longer occurs, the young seedlings can remain outdoors permanently. For this, however, they still need a place protected from the wind, even if they will no longer have any problems with wind and weather later. After spending the winter in the house, the young hawthorn plants are usually strong enough to be fully planted in the garden next spring.

If you don't have a hawthorn to reproduce at home and you don't know anyone who can provide you with seeds, you can also order them from Amazon:

#previewproductratingprice
1 Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) 25 seeds No reviews at the moment1,95 €To the shop
2 Common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna 20 seeds No reviews at the moment2,99 €To the shop
3 Common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna 40 seeds No reviews at the moment4,99 €To the shop

Plant seedlings in the garden

As you can see, it takes a long time before you can use planted seeds as a plant in the garden. So if you want to create a row of hedges, you have to bring a lot of patience and time and take good care of the seedlings. They always want to be kept moist without being in the water, but also receive a lot of light and are ventilated. A cut from the young plants from this type of propagation is not necessary, nor is fertilization.

Propagate through cuttings

One can proceed quite simply and quickly with the propagation by cuttings, which in contrast to seeds already have a large part of the growth behind. To get the cuttings, choose some appealing shoots on the tree or on the hedge, which are already slightly woody. These should have grown at least 10 centimeters and should already have leaves and buds so that they can grow well and become an independent hawthorn plant. After the selection, the shoot is cut off above the growth node in such a way that it remains about 8 cm long.

Plant cuttings

Then the respective cuttings with the lower third can be planted - and that outdoors. The soil should have been loosened up a bit beforehand, the cutting should be slightly moistened and then covered with a bag to create a slight greenhouse effect. However, it should be noted that the bag must then be removed regularly so that the cutting can ventilate. If it forms new buds and leaves or even shoots, the propagation was successful.

Transplant cuttings

Now the cuttings can either be transplanted or become a new hawthorn plant at their existing location. In this way, hawthorn can be propagated in less time and with a higher chance of success.

Conclusion

If you are looking for a faster solution for hawthorn propagation that takes a little less effort and time, the cuttings are the right choice. However, it is necessary to have an older hawthorn plant that has developed many shoots and has not been cut back too much recently. By propagating through cuttings, you get a daughter plant that has exactly the same properties as the mother plant as the original. For this reason, rows of hedges from cuttings will offer a very uniform and even look - also when it comes to flowering. Whichever way you choose to reproduce, it is worthwhile to try multiplying the hawthorn.

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