Asparagus from your own garden is a fine thing. It takes about 3 years until the first harvest. So that then asparagus sprout from the earth, there are a few things to consider when planting.© Markus Mainka - Fotolia.com
Growing asparagus takes time and effort, but the effort is worth it: freshly harvested, the white stalks simply taste best.
The perennials produce a rich yield with good care. It is best to plant in a sunny and sheltered location, then you can enjoy your own asparagus from the third year of cultivation. Preparation is important for a rich harvest.
Prepare location and soil
The asparagus plants take up a lot of space. A mild cultivation climate is also generally favorable. In which region you live, however, is of secondary importance: The location should above all offer full sun and be protected from the wind. A sandy to sandy-loamy soil is ideal. Before you plant the first plants, prepare the soil thoroughly, in the autumn of the previous year. Dig the earth deep for the planned asparagus bed, approximately to twice the depth of the spade. It's hard work, but it's worth it!
When digging you will find out what the quality of the soil is. Mix in a lot of compost and some stone flour, if necessary also sand. The substrate should be loose, nutritious and well-drained. Remove stones and weeds, but without sieving the soil. Otherwise the looseness will be lost. Asparagus plants need a very good drain at the roots, otherwise waterlogging will form.
Young plants plant in spring
The next spring, you will dig a trench. Create a kind of earth wall in it, which consists of small hills about 40 to 50 centimeters apart. Plant the asparagus seedlings on the individual hills. This is already possible in April. The young plants are insensitive to frost. Cover the roots with substrate and lightly pile up the soil. Water the freshly planted plants well.
It is possible to prefer seedlings yourself
One thing in advance: pulling asparagus is possible, but it also takes a lot of time. You also play it safe with purchased seedlings. However, if you want to sow asparagus plants yourself, be sure to use purchased seeds. The seeds obtained from asparagus flowers are usually not germinable. Sowing is possible in the protected growing bed outdoors or indoors. The young plants may only move to the final asparagus bed next year. However, if you consider growing asparagus as a hobby, you will have a lot of fun growing young seedlings.
Care tips for white asparagus
Always keep your asparagus bed slightly moist. Rainwater is ideal for watering. After the first summer, remove the asparagus green above ground, and the withered stems in the coming spring. A thick layer of mature compost is used as fertilizer, which you spread around the rhizomes and carefully incorporate. In addition, you pile up soil around the plants again. In the second year the care is exactly the same, in the third year the first edible asparagus sprouts are formed.
A special fertilizer is not necessary, well-rotted compost provides the soil with plenty of nutrients. Use more care when watering so that the plants never dry out. Weeds should be removed regularly.