Broccoli is one of the healthiest vegetables, which is why it should not be missing in any garden. Here you will learn how to create ideal cultivation conditions and how to care for them properly.
© Ruud Morijn - Fotolia.com If you think that it is difficult to grow broccoli yourself, you are wrong. It's actually a no-brainer. The great thing: plant different types of broccoli, then you can enjoy fresh broccoli from your own garden for half a year. To do this, however, you have to create the right conditions for cultivation and also maintain the broccoli properly.
The right soil for broccoli
Broccoli relies on a generous supply of nutrients in the soil. Loose, humus-rich soils with good water permeability offer optimal conditions for healthy growth. Broccoli also copes very well with clay soil. To prevent compaction of the contained clay, you can mix some sand into the ground at the planting location.
Broccoli is quite demanding when it comes to pH. The plants do not get an acidic substrate with a pH of six or less. It also increases susceptibility to various pests. With lime, however, the problem can be easily mastered. Moderate liming offers the additional advantage that nutrients are dissolved in the soil and made available to the broccoli. However, you should regularly supply limed soil with fresh humus so that the soil does not leach out in the long term.
The ideal location for broccoli
Broccoli likes warm, full sun and sheltered locations. Do not sow dense rows, but put together a mixed culture: for example with peas, beans, cucumber and chard. This form of cultivation is not only beneficial for the soil, it also protects every single broccoli from the spread of diseases. Keyword cabbage hernia and downy mildew.
Water and fertilize broccoli
Broccoli has a high water requirement and needs to be watered regularly. In dry summer months, preferably daily. Always pour the water directly onto the floor with the watering can. The plants themselves should stay as dry as possible. Wet broccoli attracts harmful fungi like a magnet.
It is best to put fresh compost, enriched with horn shavings, between the plants as fertilizer. Mulch also promotes broccoli growth. If you go to the trouble and want to regularly add nettle slurry, then the plants will also gratefully accept them.
Harvest broccoli several times a year
Broccoli is only harvested once a year. However, a large number of different varieties with different maturation times are now available. The earliest varieties can be brought to your home or greenhouse from February, placed outdoors in late April and harvested in May. The latest varieties are sown directly in the bed from June and harvested in October. If you do it skillfully, you can enjoy fresh broccoli from your own garden for half a year. Here is another reading tip: harvest broccoli and store it correctly - explained step by step.