In addition to white and red cabbage, savoy cabbage should not be missing in the vegetable garden. Don't worry, the cultivation is very simple and uncomplicated.© Ludwig - Fotolia.com Savoy cabbage is a vegetable cabbage and differs from white and red cabbage by its wavy leaves. These can appear yellow-green to dark green and form round to pointed rosettes. Due to its comparatively delicate leaves, savoy cabbage can be used in many ways. Whether as a crispy leaf lettuce, as a nutritious vegetable variant or as part of the cabbage roulade - savoy cabbage is not only tasty but also healthy. After all, the cabbage contains many vitamins, fiber, iron, copper and calcium.
If you want to plant it yourself in the garden, you shouldn't have any problems. Savoy cabbage is undemanding and can be grown almost all year round. Reason enough to take a closer look at planting the cabbage.
Find the right location
The choice of location is the basis of successful cultivation. Savoy generally prefers a sunny site. It also tolerates penumbra. In any case, the plants should be bright and protected. If you choose mixed culture, savoy cabbage feels very comfortable in the vicinity of cucumbers, tomatoes, leeks, celery or peas.
Because savoy cabbage is a heavy feeder, you should not continuously cultivate it in the same location. After harvesting, the soil should have enough time to regenerate. At least three years should pass before you start growing savoy cabbage again at the old location. Do not pay attention to the crop rotation and therefore keep the location, risk the occurrence of diseases and pests.
Choose the ideal substrate
The soil should be able to store the water well and should not be too loose. Cabbages that are ready to be harvested bring some weight and lie on the ground. The substrate should be able to withstand this. A substrate rich in humus and lime is generally advantageous for healthy growth.
If you are unsure whether the soil conditions of the plant correspond, you should determine the pH of the soil. Corresponding tests are available for about five euros in every garden and hardware store. Savoy cabbage is ideal when the pH is between 6.5 and 7.5. Reading tip: Test the pH value in the soil correctly - video instructions.
When is the best time to plant?
Savoy cabbage can be planted almost all year round. It is important to distinguish between early savoy, summer savoy, autumn savoy and winter savoy. Early savoy and summer savoy are more likely to ripen than white cabbage and red cabbage. Below is a small overview of the savoy cabbage varieties and their optimal planting time.
|early cabbage||from February||from April||from July|
|summer Wirsing||from April||from May||from August to November|
|late varieties||deleted||until August sowing outdoors||from October to April|
How to prepare the substrate
A properly prepared substrate is particularly important for good crop yields. For the cultivation of early savoy, you should take precautions in autumn and prepare the soil for planting. To do this, pierce the floor and rake deeply. Since savoy cabbage loves calcareous soil, you can still incorporate algae lime or stone powder into the soil. The incorporation of compost is also an advantage and provides a valuable organic fertilizer.
The heavy feeder also prefers nutrient-rich soil. You can achieve this by adding ingredients from harvested vegetables. So the stalks of carrots or the leek of onions can remain as a biological mass in the bed and contribute to the fertility of the soil.
The selected location should not have been cultivated with other types of cabbage or mustard in the past three years. Because mustard plants with cabbage hernia transmit a dreaded disease to the savoy plants.
Plant early and late varieties correctly
It's easy to surround yourself with savoy cabbage all year round. For example, the cultivation time for late savoy cabbage is up to 40 weeks, whereas for early varieties it is only about half, around 15 to 25 weeks.
You should prefer early savoy cabbage in your room and plant it outdoors from mid-May. The plants should then have reached a size of about ten centimeters. Early savoy grows less abundantly and a planting distance of 35 centimeters is sufficient.
Winter savoy should be preferred in August. If several pairs of leaves have formed, you can put the savoy in the open. Since the late varieties reach a larger diameter, a planting distance of half a meter is appropriate. The savoy cabbage can then overwinter in the vegetable patch because it can withstand temperatures of up to -10 degrees.
Overview of different possibilities of cultivation
If you want to harvest savoy cabbage all year round, you can use various growing methods, which are now explained in detail.
Cultivation on the windowsill:
❶ If you would prefer savoy cabbage in the room and then plant it directly in the field in May, you need a growing container. First fill this with seed soil.
❷ Then sprinkle the seeds in it and cover them thinly with soil.
❸ Germination should then take place in a bright location. But avoid full sun exposure. The seedlings also do not tolerate dry heating air. Therefore, you should prefer the windowsill in the unheated bedroom to the cultivation in the living room.
To speed up germination, you can cover the seed container with a cover made of film or glass. At temperatures around 15 degrees, the seeds germinate after only seven to ten days. However, the substrate must not dry out during this time, nor should it be soaked. It is therefore advisable to spray the seed bowl regularly instead of watering it with a watering can.
❹ After germination has taken place, you should remove the cover from the seed container, prick out the seedlings and plant directly into the bed from a height of ten centimeters.
Cultivation in the cold frame:
❶ You can also sow savoy cabbage directly in the cold frame. All you have to do is prepare the floor accordingly. Apply a mixture of sand, peat, compost and lime to a manure mat.
❷ Then loosen the soil and press it together lightly. You can use a board for this.
❸ Now sow the seeds loosely and cover them with soil about one centimeter thick. Then moisten the savoy seeds with a fine jet of water. The substrate must not now dry out.
❹ To prevent mold growth, you should not forget to occasionally ventilate the cold frame on frost-free days.
❶ Direct sowing outdoors is also possible in summer. To do this, you first have to loosen the soil and prepare it with compost and lime.
❷ When inserting the seeds, you should then keep a sufficient distance, because then you can save yourself from pricking. In addition, the plants are already in place.
At an average temperature of 18 degrees, the seeds should start to germinate after a little over a week.
A vegetable net not only keeps pests away from the young plants, but also the neighbour's cat.
Planting savoy cabbage - is that possible?
There is no reason not to cultivate savoy cabbage. However, you need a sufficiently large planter for this. A bright and warm location is also important for the container plant. You must also water the plants regularly and provide them with a fertilizer that has a high lime content. In winter, protective measures are also required so that the planter does not freeze completely and the roots are attacked. Here is a reading tip: Overwinter container plants - how it's done!