If you plant savoy cabbage correctly, you can harvest specimens weighing up to five kilograms. But for that you have to take good care of the cabbage.© ams - Fotolia.com Kohl has a long history and has been cultivated for more than 1,000 years. In the Middle Ages a distinction was made between white cabbage and red cabbage. Savoy itself has been common since the 16th century. Two centuries later, cabbage from the Mediterranean region was also cultivated in Germany. Savoy cabbage is known all over the world today. In Germany alone, around 50,000 tons are harvested annually. You can make a small contribution by planting savoy cabbage in your own vegetable garden. You can read about what to look out for when caring for the popular cabbage here.
Which varieties work best?
Savoy can not only be divided into early savoy, summer savoy or late savoy, some special varieties have proven to be particularly advantageous for cultivation in our latitudes. This includes:
Zircon is a particularly early variety that ripens quickly and grows to a medium size.
❍ Savoy Serve:
Savoy Serve can also be harvested very early. The compact growth form of this savoy cabbage also makes the cabbage ideal for cultivation in a planter. The leaves are strikingly lush green and crimped.
Samantha is characterized by the pointed shape. The savoy cabbage takes up little space due to its shape. This particularly aromatic and tender savoy cabbage can be harvested from July to October.
❍ Marner Grüfewi:
Marner Grüfewi ensures the year-round savoy harvest. Winter savoy can be harvested between September and February. This variety tolerates light frosts, but should be protected from winter fleece in the double digits if the temperature is below zero.
How to properly care for savoy cabbage
Savoy appreciates regular and even watering. Delicate instinct when pouring is therefore required, because dryness is just as little tolerated as waterlogging. With insufficient irrigation, the cabbage grows less abundantly and is also more vulnerable to diseases and pests. Young plants in particular need regular watering. Older plants have developed a more stable root system and are better able to absorb moisture from the soil once irrigation has been neglected. For summer savoy cabbage should be watered daily. Winter savoy is watered only on frost-free days.
How to properly pour savoy cabbage:
- water regularly
- The floor must not dry out
- Avoid waterlogging
- Water only on frost-free days in winter
Savoy cabbage can be very well supplied with organic fertilizer. This must be taken into account when preparing the soil before planting. If manure or compost is worked into the soil, the heavy feeder is well supplied with nutrients. During the growth phase, a commercially available slow release fertilizer can be used as a support. Fertilization should take place every two weeks from April to October. Here, liquid fertilizer offers itself, which is easy to dose and can simply be added to the irrigation water. A fertilizer with a high lime content is particularly suitable for savoy cabbage.
Properly fertilize savoy cabbage:
- Incorporate organic fertilizer into the soil
- use liquid fertilizer during the growth phase
- Work fortnightly with lime-rich slow-release fertilizer
Cabbage does not have to be cut as an annual plant. Experienced vegetable gardeners still resort to scissors every now and then. If the cabbage leaves are removed with a sharp knife without damaging the center of the cabbage, the "plant heart", the plant will continuously produce new leaves and the harvesting time can be extended.
How to harvest savoy cabbage properly
Savoy cabbage can grow immensely in the vegetable patch. Specimens weighing five kilograms are not uncommon. But not every vegetable gardener is able to provide the necessary space. However, there is no need to forego the savoy harvest. Just bake smaller rolls. This is possible with all savoy cabbages. The planting distance is simply reduced. So not four plants are placed on a square meter as recommended, but you plant up to 15 copies. The result is small and handy cabbages that can be easily processed even in smaller households.
If it should be a larger savoy cabbage, simply harvest every second cabbage and let the remaining specimens grow.
How can we save savoy cabbage?
Savoy cabbage is propagated by seeds. You can use commercially available seeds. You can also harvest seeds yourself, because if existing plants are not fully harvested, a flower will form. Once the seeds have ripened, you can cut them off. If stored cool and dry, you can prefer the savoy seeds in the room or cold frame or sow them directly outdoors. It depends on the respective savoy cabbage.