Thuja has long been one of the most popular hedge plants because it is so easy to care for. Read here how to properly plant and care for thuja.The evergreen tree of life (Thuja) as an opaque hedge | © agmacolor - Fotolia.com
The advantage of a thuja hedge can not only be described by its easy maintenance, but also by an opaque growth and an all-year-round, evergreen needle dress. Why the thuja plant is certainly one of the most popular hedge plants in Europe and can be found everywhere.
Known varieties of thuja
Thuja plants can easily grow up to 6 meters, are frost hardy and tolerate regular pruning. Which allows all types of Thuja to be brought into shape. You can even cut thuja plants into balls or figures - similar to box trees. The types of thuja known in our gardens include:
- Thuja Columna - narrow column shape
- Thuja emerald - intense coloring (<= best-selling & most popular variety)
- Thuja Brabant - fast growing
- Thuja Plicata - shiny coloring
- Thuja Occidentalis - also available in yellow
- Thuja orientalis - some subspecies are offered here as dwarf thuja
- Thuja Standishii - blooms in March and forms cones
- Thuja Koraiensis - low-growing, also suitable for the shade
You can buy small thuja plants at a very reasonable price in the garden center. Especially since they can grow an average of around 20 to 30 centimeters per year.
You should plant Thuja's either in early spring (March / April) or in late summer (August / September). When doing this, you must ensure that you keep a distance of around 40 centimeters when planting the hedge, as the thujas branch into one another over the years. You can also plant Thuja's free-standing.
Depending on the size of the plant, you have to dig out the soil about 40 to 60 centimeters to plant it. Then fill the excavation a bit with peat garbage and water it. Enrich the soil of the excavation with fresh compost, then this guarantees a good growth of the plants.
Then you can insert the plants with bales in the excavation and fill them with the enriched soil - start well. You should then water the freshly planted plants thoroughly.
For the first few days and weeks, you need to keep a thuja plant moist all the time. If it doesn't rain, you should help with irrigation water.
" To water:
Like all other plants, Thuja's need to be watered on hot days and during long periods of drought so that they do not turn brown.
From a certain height (and even if thuja turns brown) you should cut back every year. Ideally, you should make this cut in early autumn because some animals use the thuja as a breeding ground, especially in spring. And then only need them again in late autumn as a place to spend the winter.
Thuja's do not usually need to be fertilized. Only the little dwarf thujas tolerate a little bit of full fertilizer every now and then.
You can distribute various garden waste (e.g. freshly mowed lawn, leaves, etc.) under the Thuja hedge in autumn. The waste then releases valuable nutrients during rotting.