If you are looking for a fast and visually appealing privacy screen, you should use hawthorn. Here you can find out what to consider when planting a hedge.© Aggi Schmid - Fotolia.com If you are still looking for a beautiful shrub or a practical hedge for the garden that can not only offer privacy, but also a certain added value, the hawthorn shrub is well advised. These are shrub-like plants with dense foliage and thorns that are used to form a hedge, but can also be kept as a shrub or tree. There are various species of hawthorn (Crataegus) worldwide, but only a few different hawthorn plants are available in Germany. In addition to the rich leaves, the hawthorn is also characterized by the delicate, bright bloom, which makes it appear very playful in spring.
Hawthorn - what speaks for the crop?
The hawthorn is equally popular as a hedge, shrub and tree and is not only popular because of its shade-giving properties, but also because it offers a lot of privacy in a short time. The hawthorn is very easy to care for and comes with few requirements. It is not just the flowers that attract insects to the hawthorn and make them popular in the animal kingdom - but also the edible berries from which jam can be cooked, among other things. Birds like to nest in the branches of the hawthorn, which protects them from other animals with its thorns. The strong branching of the crop makes the hawthorn the ideal hedge for everyone who is looking for the best privacy - but its height also provides plus points, since the hawthorn can shoot several meters as a hedge or shrub.
Hawthorn blossom - specialty for humans and animals
In spring, the hawthorn is covered with delicate flowers, which are mostly white or cream-colored and can resemble cherry blossoms depending on the species. These flowers not only look beautiful and attract all kinds of insects, but also exude a very spring-like scent that is distributed throughout the garden. At the end of summer or early autumn, the flowers are then replaced by reddish fruits that can be harvested over a long period of time. Not only can they be processed into jam or eaten like this, they also serve as food for animals.
What else you should know about the hawthorn
- becomes untamed up to five meters high
- blooms in late spring
- can be used as a bush, hedge or tree
- bears edible fruit as soon as late summer arrives
- Flowers exude a fresh fragrance
- dense branching ensures optimal privacy
- can be cut and raised as desired
Hawthorn - advantages and disadvantages
|✓ offers a lot of privacy and can also provide shade|
✓ bears beautiful, fragrant flowers
✓ bears edible fruits in late summer
✓ serves as a nesting place for birds and protects them from predators
✓ can be cut and raised as desired
✓ Usually undemanding
✓ Even withstands heat very well
|Man if you prune it severely, the flowering will be less abundant, and so will the harvest|
✗ grows strongly and has to be cut more often to maintain its shape
Planting hawthorn - at which location?
The hawthorn doesn't really care much about the location - the main thing is that it gets sun from time to time and is not too shady. A half-shady or full-sun place is therefore ideal for the hawthorn to thrive and stimulate flowering in late summer. The practical thing is that the hawthorn is also very resistant to wind and weather, but also tolerates heat very well. So it can be planted almost anywhere.
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What should the floor be like?
In this regard, too, there is no need to worry about hawthorn - because it can be planted in almost all soils without growing poorly. So the planting hole can be filled with normal planting soil, but excavation is also well suited - the soil should not be too acidic and wet. Waterlogging is not tolerated any more than a very acidic soil. Of course, the plant also needs enough moisture and nutrients, as well as a lot of permeability, so that it thrives well and can also bear numerous fruits.
Hawthorn fruits - © evbrbe - Fotolia.com
Plant hawthorn - as a hedge, shrub or tree
If you want to plant one or more hawthorn plants, autumn is ideal for this. This is due to the fact that summer and the soon falling leaves bring a lot of nutrients into the soil that help hawthorn grow - but of course you can also put it out in the garden in spring or early summer. With a young hawthorn, do the following:
Dig the planting hole
The first step is of course to dig out the planting hole and adapt it to the root of the young hawthorn. The planting hole should be at least twice as large as the root bundle of the plant. It is important that the ground is free of frost and that this will remain very safe in the near future.
Loosen the earth
Now it is a matter of loosening up the soil around the planting hole and also a little in it. This can be done with the rake and is also the ideal opportunity to enrich it with compost and add nutrients.
Now the plant, together with some soil, is placed in the planting hole. Care must be taken to ensure that the roots are never damaged or pressed tightly. The whole thing is filled with earth and only very lightly treaded on.
Pour on hawthorn
Now the freshly planted hawthorn is poured. This should only be repeated when the soil is slightly dry to avoid waterlogging. Under no circumstances should the earth be stepped on too hard and water poured over it, as roots could rot and suffocate due to the accumulating wetness.
If several hawthorn plants are to be planted, they can be placed side by side as a hedge cluster. The rule here is that up to three plants can be used per meter to meet their space requirements.
If you want to buy a hawthorn as a hedge, shrub or tree, don't be afraid of it. The hawthorn itself is more than easy to care for and can grow well almost anywhere without making many demands. The look and its many advantages not only make it very popular, but also very practical.