Herbs

Obtaining and drying tomato seeds - 2 methods

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In principle, obtaining tomato seeds is very easy. We present two methods and show you how to properly dry and store the seeds.

© Racle Fotodesign / stock.adobe.com

In order to ensure a profitable harvest with tasty tomatoes, it is important that the seed extraction is a variety that is called seed-proof. In any case, these pass on their properties to the next pupils.

On the other hand, there are so-called F1 hybrids, which in the first generation are good sprouting and productive, but only combine their disadvantageous properties in the seeds.

As for the tomato for the seed production, it is important that it is not only from a healthy tomato plant, but that it is in a fully ripe stage.

Method # 1: wet fermentation

The following tools are required to obtain the tomato seeds:

  • Kitchen or gardener's knife
  • water glass
  • Cling film
  • colander
  • paper towels
  • small can or paper bag

➛ Step 1:

Halve the tomatoes and remove the seeds.

➛ Step 2:

Put the seeds together with the adhering pulp in a glass filled with water and cover it airtight. Let the glass stand at about 20 degrees room temperature. As a result of the onset of fermentation (recognizable by the milky water), the seeds detach from the pulp and sink to the glass bottom.

Tip: The higher the room temperature, the faster the fermentation process.

3 Step 3:

Check the surface of the seeds regularly. If this is roughened, you can take the seeds out of the glass. Otherwise, you have to leave it in for another day.

4 Step 4:

© Денис Лытягин / stock.adobe.com Place the roughened seeds in a sieve and rinse them under clear water so that the rest of the pulp comes off.

5 Step 5:

Place the seeds on a kitchen towel and let them dry. Make sure that the seeds do not touch or lie on top of each other.

6 Step 6:

When the seeds are completely dry, you can fill them in a can or paper bag.

The tomato seeds are best stored in a dry place, otherwise there is a risk that the seeds will start to germinate and are therefore no longer suitable for growing.

Method # 2: Fast drying

The big difference to method number one is that with the following option, the germ-inhibiting layer is only broken down when sowing. The effect: the seeds take a little longer to germinate, but are therefore more durable. It is also much faster than the previous method.

Here's how:

➛ Step 1:

Wash the tomatoes and then cut them in half.

➛ Step 2:

Detach the seeds from the pulp.

3 Step 3:

Spread the seeds on a kitchen towel. Make sure that they lie individually so that they can dry better.

4 Step 4:

Place the seeds in an airy and warm place. 25 to 30 degrees are ideal.

5 Step 5:

After about two to three days, the seeds have dried. A paper bag or a can is suitable for storage.

The seeds obtained can be kept for up to eight years provided that they are stored in a dark and dry place. In addition to the shed, the basement is also suitable for storage.

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