Valerian not only calms you down, it also looks beautiful. It is not difficult to plant valerian. However, there are some things you should consider.© Andrea Geiss - Fotolia.com
Valerian (Valeriana) is primarily known as a medicinal plant and is valued for its calming effects. Cats develop a special preference for the plant and valerian is also able to convince the hobby gardener with its lush bloom. The scent may take some getting used to, but it also finds admirers. In India, perfume is even made from the extracts. Proper care is essential for the plant to enrich your garden. With the planting you create the basis for lush plant growth and a rich harvest.
Find the right location
Valerian hardly makes any demands on its location. When planting, it is important to consider the size of the plant. Since valerian likes to spread, he is reluctant to be crowded. The plants can grow up to two meters high and also gain considerable girth in width. A warm and dry location is an advantage. Valerian is quite robust and tolerates drafty locations as well as heat build-up. This makes the plant ideal for the rock garden and is also suitable for greening walls. Due to its frost hardness, valerian is also suitable for rough locations.
▶ Tip: The ideal location for valerian plants is illuminated by the sun for about six hours a day.
The ideal location in brief:
The ideal soil conditions
Valerian is also not particularly demanding in terms of the floor. Valerian thrives in cracks in walls as well as on stony ground. The floor should not have too much moisture. The water can drain off better if the soil is loosened with coarse sand or gravel before planting. Compost can be added to particularly barren soils. This provides the plant with a natural fertilizer.
The right soil conditions at a glance:
▶ Tip: The ideal pH of the soil for valerian is 5.5 to 7.
Planting valerian - step by step
When is the ideal time?
Valerian can be planted in spring as well as in autumn. In the spring, frosts should no longer be expected. The first frosts should not have appeared in autumn.
How to proceed in detail?
- Choose location
- Loosen and prepare the soil
- Note planting distance
- Dig out the planting hole
- Insert the plant
- Close the planting hole
- Press the earth down well
- Lightly pour valerian
Once the right location has been found, the soil should first be cleared of weeds and loosened up well. This is a prerequisite for the plant to be able to root well and absorb sufficient nutrients from the soil. The plants need enough space. Therefore, the planting distance should be just under one meter.
▶ Tip: Valerian tends to form runners and should not be placed too close to flowers or vegetables. Anyone who regularly removes the flowers from the plant prevents uncontrolled spreading.
Growing valerian from seeds - how it works
Valerian can also be grown from seeds. However, the seeds are only able to germinate to a limited extent and the undertaking will require a lot of patience. Fresh seeds should be used if possible. If seeds have been stored for more than a year, the chance of germination decreases further.
The seeds will be placed in seed trays or plant pots from March. It should be noted that these are light germs. Therefore, the seeds are only lightly pressed and not covered with soil. The seeds should be kept evenly moist. Warm water is used for this. A sunny location is also an advantage. With a little luck, the first shoot tips will show up after about a month.
▶ Tip: If the planters are covered with foil, the germination time can be accelerated.
Overview of important tips and information
|Location||▶ The location should be chosen as sunny as possible.|
▶ Valerian loves a dry location and is not very demanding.
▶ It is important to ensure that there is sufficient planting distance, as the plant likes to spread out.
|soil quality||▶ A simple garden soil is usually sufficient for the rather undemanding plant.|
▶ Valerian gets less heavy and wet soils.
▶ To prevent waterlogging, loosen the soil and mix it with gravel or sand.
|planting operation||▶ If the soil is loosened and weeds cleared, the planting hole can be excavated and the valerian is used.|
▶ Then press the soil well.
|irrigation||▶ After planting, valerian is watered well.|
▶ The watering will then be moderate. The floor should not be too damp.
▶ The plant cannot tolerate waterlogging.
Why plant valerian? - the use
Valerian is not only an ornament in the bed, but primarily also a useful plant. The roots and flowers can be used. The flowers can be harvested all summer long in the first year after planting. However, the roots will only be strong enough in the second year of standing. Valerian roots are dug up, cleaned and dried in autumn.
Valerian promotes healthy sleep and contributes to nerve strengthening. Tea can be prepared from the dried roots. This should be drunk before bed.
▶ Tip: Valerian should not be overdosed. Headaches, lethargy and other side effects can occur.
Valerian is neither tiring nor addictive and is therefore a good alternative to conventional nerve-strengthening and anxiety-suppressing agents.