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Planting lemon balm - tips on location, substrate & container planting

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The lemon balm not only gives drinks and dishes that certain something, it also provides an important source of nutrients for bees. Read here how easy it is to plant in the garden.

© Eberhard - Fotolia.com

If there is a plant that is very popular with gardeners, it is lemon balm for a reason. It has not only positive properties that are very practical in the kitchen, but also what medicine and the preservation of bees serve. So it is a very versatile crop that can serve as a useful plant. If you want to buy the lemon balm as a collecting area for bees to preserve it, you have a good reason to find out about the correct planting of the lemon balm. If planted correctly, the crop can live up to 20 years, which also speaks for the well-considered planting in the garden. So that everything works, we have collected all the important details for planting the popular and extremely practical lemon balm below.

Useful information about usage

If you are not yet sure whether you want to plant lemon balm as a useful plant in the garden, you should get to know important details about the plant. One advantage of it is, for example, that it counteracts bee death - because it is a very good pasture for the insects. At the same time, the leaves of lemon balm can also be used to refine your own kitchen: they taste both dry and fresh as tea good, but also in sauces and with various dishes and cold drinks, they round off perfectly.

Anyone who thinks that all that lemon balm can offer is wrong - because it also has some active ingredients as a medicine, such as a calming agent or to promote and improve your own digestion.

Not many people also see lemon balm as an ornamental plant, but the crop can look very attractive if it spreads out in the garden in full splendor and develops the fragrant leaves that can be harvested several times a year. So if you are looking for a pretty gap filler for your bed, the lemon balm is well advised.

Advantages and disadvantages of lemon balm

benefitsdisadvantage
✔ brings many uses✖ basically not an ornamental plant
✔ has calming properties and also has a digestive effect
✔ Leaves can be used as tea, spice or added to sauces and drinks
✔ ideal plant for the preservation of bees
✔ can live up to 20 years
✔ is handsome
✔ Leaves can be harvested several times a year
✔ easy to plant

Choose the optimal location

If you choose a location for the useful lemon balm, there is actually not much to consider. Only space should be able to be delivered because the lemon has taken up every possible space in no time. So it grows fairly quickly and wide, but can also grow up to one meter high. If you want to keep them in the bed, you should make sure there is enough space for all other plants. One requirement that lemon balm has, however, is to get plenty of sunlight. A sunny location with little shade is therefore ideal for lemon balm and its growth.

If you want to do something good for the crop, you should choose a more sheltered location that does not allow very strong winds - the plant will do much better. The plant can also be kept on the balcony, as long as it receives a sunny but also slightly shady place that is not too exposed to the wind.

Find the right substrate

As with the location, the lemon balm is quite easy to please. The lemon balm works well with almost any soil and substrate, unless waterlogging occurs. First of all, the floor should therefore be well ventilated and permeable so that moisture is stored but not stowed. Therefore, before planting in very damp soils, it is first necessary to put a drainage layer consisting of pebbles and to make the soil around the young plant less wet. Otherwise, the soil can still be loamy, but sandy or humus-rich soils with many nutrients also allow the lemon balm to grow well.

The lemon balm takes it very well if you enrich the soil with some compost and mix it well when planting. Whether calcareous, acidic or neutral in pH: Otherwise, the popular lemon balm can cope with almost anything.

Planting tips

If you would like to put a lemon balm in the garden as a young plant, you first have to dig out the soil. If you look at the root ball of the young plant, it becomes clear what size the hole must be approximately. Then it is important to loosen it up, i.e. to mix the earth around a bit and prepare it with compost. If a drainage layer has to be laid, this must be done beforehand. Otherwise, it is sufficient if the floor is made more permeable with the help of a rake (this should be repeated several times in the near future to prevent the waterlogging in any case). The young plant can then be used and watered. You should note that the lemon balm needs at least 40 cm distance to other bedding plants or plants, if not more - precisely because it spreads so much.

If you want to plant the lemon balm in a bucket or larger flowerpot, it should be of sufficient size and depth - a balcony box is definitely not enough for the well-growing plant. Lemon balm is also well suited as a balcony plant, especially for kitchen use. Conventional substrate with many nutrients is good enough for planting in the tub, if you want, you can add a little compost. It is also important with this type of planting that there is no waterlogging - which is why the bottom layer should always consist of gravel in order to drain the water. Do not use a pot or bucket that has no drainage openings.

Sow lemon balm

The unbelievable thing for many owners of lemon balm is that it can also be planted directly by sowing. And not in a balcony bed or a small flower pot to grow, but directly in the large garden bed or the garden floor. If you water regularly and the soil has been made permeable, the lemon balm develops very well. It is only important to note that the lemon balm seeds are planted in spring when there is no more frost. Otherwise, it is very easy to care for.

Here is a brief overview of all lemon balm requirements:

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