Cyclamen are long-lived houseplants, but only if you make no mistakes when caring for them. Find out what to look for in Cyclamen here.© antic / stock.adobe.com
Cyclamen is a popular flower window decoration. The primrose plants are easy to flower and easy to care for and therefore also suitable as a beginner plant. The cold-loving plants are an eye-catcher, especially in the winter months. Cyclamen are among the most popular houseplants and more than 20 million specimens are cultivated each year.
- 1 cyclamen origin
- 2 special features of the cyclamen
- 3 Find the right location
- 4 cyclamen care
- 5 An overview of the most important planting and care tips
- Repot 6 cyclamen
- 7 An overview of some cyclamen species
- Multiply 8 cyclamen
- 9 Detect pests and diseases on cyclamen
- 10 cyclamen overwinter - note the rest period
The term “cyclamen” is derived from the Greek “cyclos” for circle or disc and refers to the circular-shaped tuber of the plants. The original home of the cyclamen is in the eastern Mediterranean. There the plants grow in mountainous forest regions, on limestone soils and rubble. The first plants, i.e. the mother plants of today's houseplants, were introduced to France in the mid-17th century from Persia, now Iran.
The original flower color is pink. New cultivars have diverse flower colors, which can range from white to a rich carmine red
Special features of the cyclamen
A specialty of the cyclamen is its low heat requirement. The temperatures should preferably not exceed ten degrees. In the past, cyclamen were usually placed between double windows and used in tall and narrow "double window pots".
Cyclamen will bloom again with good care. Perennial plants surprise with a lush bloom. A ten-year-old plant can produce more than 100 flowers.
Find the right location
The care secret of the cyclamen can be summarized as follows: light moisture and fresh coolness. If you have provided a place for the pretty bloomers at the sunny living room window, however, the cyclamen will hardly thank you. Plants feel much more comfortable in a cool bedroom, in a bright hallway or in a bathroom where there is little heating. Cyclamen need a bright, but not full sun. An airy stand is an advantage. The temperature should be 10 to 15 degrees.
Cyclamen grow very well in humus-rich and loamy soil. Garden soil can be mixed in with sand and peat.
Water cyclamen properly© New Africa / stock.adobe.com Cyclamen regularly need water, but should not be watered too generously. From above, water is carefully watered around the tuber. The plant pot should not dry out. Cyclamen are particularly sensitive to moisture and die quickly if they are too wet.
Tip:Attention: If the cyclamen is irrigated too intensely, the leaf and flower stalks will rot.
Irrigation water must not be left in the saucer or planter. It is advantageous to water the cyclamen from below so that the bulb does not come into contact with water. If the bulbs are above ground, you can water them as usual. In the case of underground tubers, excess irrigation water must be removed after half an hour at the latest.
Tip: If the cyclamen is placed in a container with moist peat, the substrate remains evenly moist.
Fertilize cyclamen properly
Before and during flowering, cyclamen receives a commercially available fertilizer for flowering plants every week. There is no fertilization during the rest period.
The most important planting and care tips at a glance
Prepare the substrate
Repot cyclamen© Africa Studio / stock.adobe.com Cyclamen, as already mentioned, lend itself to multi-year culture. After flowering and the leaves have fallen, the tubers are transplanted. You can use conventional potting soil or uniform soil. The tubers of older plants look up to a third out of the earth. Young plants can be planted deeper.
An overview of some cyclamen species
Cyclamen persicumWild Cyclamen persicum | © philipbird123 / stock.adobe.com The species described here is particularly diverse. Some pretty representatives are the pink "Candlestick", the bright red "Bonfire" or the pink "Rococo".
Cyclamen graecumWild Cyclamen graecum | © EllSan / stock.adobe.com This variety is native to the Greek islands. The flowers appear from September. Soft pink to salmon red shades are common.
Cyclamen libanoticumWild Cyclamen libanoticum | © Anna Om / stock.adobe.com The large, pink flowers catch the eye of this variety from Lebanon. The leaves can have a yellow drawing.
Cyclamen balearicumWild Cyclamen balearicum | © sofia30 / stock.adobe.com The plants native to Mallorca and the surrounding islands bloom in spring and have small white flowers with a delicate pink shade.
Cyclamen can be propagated from seeds. This can be done in midsummer or in late winter. Conventional potting soil to which a little coarse sand has been added can be used as growing soil.
A constant soil warmth of 18 to 20 degrees is necessary for the seeds to sprout. You can achieve this by growing in the heated propagation bed. Alternatively, the seeds are covered with a foil cover to create a greenhouse climate. The seeds are covered with earth as they are dark germs.
Tip: If cyclamen are sown in late winter, they will receive sufficient light when growing up and will not develop any unnaturally long shoots.
Germination begins after about five to six weeks. The grown seedlings are later separated and repotted the following spring.
Detect pests and diseases on cyclamen
Cyclamen are robust and uncomplicated. In the event of maintenance errors, however, diseases and pests are inevitable.
|care errors||Disease / pest|
too warm location
too high humidity
Wintering cyclamen - note the rest period
Cyclamen bloom when most plants are sad to look at. The heyday the cyclamen is enough from November to March, The gardener then grants the plants a rest. This falls in the summer months.
If the leaves turn yellow and no new flowers form, watering is slowly stopped. The plants hibernate in a cool dark room. The plant pot is put on its side. No watering until the first leaves appear. The plants are still stored in the shade. If the cyclamen forms the first flower buds, the plants need more light.
The new growing season usually begins in September. The leaves have fully developed in late autumn and the cyclamen begins to bloom.