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Verbena - planting, care and use of the verbena

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The verbena is very popular with hobby gardeners. We have summarized for you what to consider when cultivating in your own garden.

Real verbena - © visuals-and-concepts / stock.adobe.com

Verbena embellish summer with their many colorful species. Since the verbena plants turn out to be very blooming, the ideal planting for bed, box and tubs has been found. Here, verbena are not particularly demanding and are also an ideal introduction for inexperienced hobby gardeners. Even seasoned garden enthusiasts enjoy discovering new varieties of the undemanding perennial every year.

content

  • 1 origin
  • 2 Small plant description
    • 2.1 Species-rich verbena
  • Plant 3 verbena
    • 3.1 Find the right location
    • 3.2 Select the ideal substrate
    • 3.3 Planting verbena - step by step
    • 3.4 An overview of the most important planting tips
  • Maintain 4 verbena
    • 4.1 Pour the verbena correctly
    • 4.2 Fertilize verbena properly
    • 4.3 Do you have to cut verbena?
    • 4.4 An overview of the most important care tips
  • 5 increase verbs
    • 5.1 Propagation by cuttings
    • 5.2 Propagation by seeds
  • 6 Detect diseases and pests on the verbena
  • 7 Can verbs hibernate?
    • 7.1 Wintering verbena - how it works
  • 8 use
    • 8.1 Verbena as a cut flower
    • 8.2 Verbena as a dried flower

Origin

Verbena (Verbena) belong to the verbena family. Hence the frequently used term "verbena". The original home of the verbena is in South America. In the meantime, the species-rich flowering plants can be found worldwide.

The verbena was already widespread in Europe in ancient times and was considered a remedy for injuries. Popular belief attributed miraculous properties to verbena.

Small plant description

Verbena (verbena)
Height:15 - 120 cm (in bed)
Blossom:June to October
Location:sunny to partially shaded
To water:abundant in summer, but no waterlogging
Fertilize:every 2 weeks
propagation:possible through cuttings or seeds

Verbena are usually annual herbaceous plants that grow as subshrubs or shrubs. Most species not only bloom profusely, they also exude a spicy fragrance. Verbena is characterized by a square stem and simple leaves with serrated leaf margins.

The verbena can be found in different heights. Creeping and upright growing species are common. The hybrids bred for pots and buckets reach heights of between 15 and 30 centimeters.

The whole ornament of the verbena is their lush flowers, which come in practically all colors. Yellow verbena alone have not yet been sighted. Striped flowers and various multicolored varieties are a real eye-catcher.

Varied verbena

Lance Verbena - © bjphotographs / stock.adobe.com

To date, about 250 types of verbena are known. This has resulted in numerous attractive hybrids. Many a champion is among them. In 2017, the “Lila Luzi” variety was chosen as the bedding and balcony flower of the year. Last but not least, this may be due to the striking two-tone flowers.

A brief portrait of some varieties

varietyparticularities
lemon verbena
  • white flowers
  • aromatic citrus scent
Lance verbena
  • reddish to purple flowers
  • grows over a meter high
Hanging Verbena
  • blooms white, pink and red
  • ideal as a traffic light plant
White Lance Verbena
  • white flower candles
  • flowers particularly persistently

Plant verbena

Find the right location

Verbena are not very demanding and can be used in almost any location. A sunny and warm stand guarantees a rich flowering. The plants are allowed to stand in full sun and have no problem even with high heat. The newer breeds prove to be robust and defy rain and wind.

The plants will also thrive in partial shade, although they will probably appear more lazy. If you are at home in the heat of South America, you simply need a sunny location.

Choose the ideal substrate

The floor should not be too heavy and too dry. Verbenas need a lot of moisture. Care should be taken to ensure that the moisture does not build up in the ground. Heavy clay soils carry this risk and should therefore be mixed with sand or gravel to make them more permeable.

A calcareous to neutral soil is well accepted. A weakly acidic soil proves to be particularly advantageous. Ordinary, pre-fertilized potting soil is sufficient for planting in a flower box or planter.

Planting verbena - step by step

Planting verbenas in a bright location - © bilderhexchen / stock.adobe.com1. Select location
2. Prepare the soil
3. Water the plant
Dig out the planting hole 5. Lay drainage
6. Upgrade the floor
7. Insert the plant
8. Water the plant vigorously

Verbena can be planted all summer. However, planting should wait until mid-May. Only after the ice saints is the plant safe from dreaded frost.

The soil is first loosened up and cleared of stones and weeds. In the meantime, the verbenas should be able to soak up enough moisture in a bucket of water. The planting hole is excavated at least twice the size of the root ball.

In order to protect the plants from waterlogging, a drainage in the form of shards of clay or gravel can be introduced into the soil. Before the verbena are used, the substrate can be upgraded with compost or horn shavings.

Tip: Different species planted in groups look particularly attractive. A planting distance of about 30 centimeters should be maintained.

An overview of the most important planting tips

activitydescription
Choose location
  • full sun to sunny
  • warm
  • bright
  • protected
Prepare the soil
  • permeable
  • nutritious
  • calcareous
  • wet
Make planting
  • Water the plant
  • Create drainage
  • pour on vigorously

Maintain verbena

Pour verbena properly

Verbena are particularly thirsty. Last but not least, this may be due to the full sun locations that we should assign to them. A plant tolerates up to 1.5 liters of liquid on hot summer days. It should be watered several times. The plants should be well moistened, but not flooded.

Tip: Verbena do not tolerate waterlogging. Standing water in the saucer must therefore be removed a few minutes after pouring.

Fertilize verbena properly

In order for the flower pile to last all summer, the verbena needs the support of the hobby gardener. If wilted flowers are removed regularly, new flower balls will soon form. During the summer months, watering with a liquid flowering plant fertilizer should be done every two weeks.

Tip: Plants in boxes or tubs should be fertilized weekly.

Do you need to cut verbena?

Cut off the faded inflorescences for a subsequent bloom. - © Birgit / stock.adobe.com

Scissors should be used if you want the plants to flower and if you want to prevent the seeds from spreading uncontrollably. The regular removal of faded inflorescences encourages subsequent blooming. Verbena are popular cut flowers and can be arranged to create colorful summer bouquets.

The most important care tips at a glance

activitydescription
to water
  • high fluid requirement
  • Earth must not dry out
  • Waterlogging is not tolerated
Fertilize
  • regular fertilization promotes flowering
  • Fertilize verbena in the planter weekly
To cut
  • Removing faded flowers promotes post-flowering
  • popular cut and dried flower

Multiply verbs

If you don't want to buy the annual plants year after year, you can try growing the flowering plants. Propagation is possible via cuttings and seeds.

Propagation by cuttings

1. Cut cuttings
2. Remove the lower pairs of sheets
3. Apply rooting powder
4. Place the cuttings in the soil
5. Wet the substrate
6. Cover the nursery box
7. Wait for rooting

The cuttings are cut in late summer or early autumn. The shoot tips should have a length of about ten centimeters. To accelerate rooting, the cuttings are dipped in rooting powder.

After the lower pairs of leaves have been removed, the cutting is pressed into the soil and the substrate is moistened. The nursery box is placed warm and bright and covered with glass or foil. Now patience is required. Once the cuttings have developed strong roots, the plantlets can move into a separate plant pot and will be grown indoors until spring.

Propagation by seeds

With the help of the seed pods, verbena reproduces itself. - © christiane65 / stock.adobe.com

In the bed, the annual plants take over their own sowing independently. For targeted propagation by seeds, the seed pods are collected in autumn and kept cool and dry.

In late winter you can start sowing the seeds in growing trays and preferring them on the sunny windowsill. The seeds are not completely covered with earth. Germination should take place at room temperature. The plants can be pricked off after a few weeks. After the ice saints, they move to the field.

Detect diseases and pests on the verbena

In this respect, verbenas do not differ from other balcony flowers. They can be infected by aphids, spider mites or the whitefly. In the field, snails are the greatest enemies of the everlasting.

Tip: Good news for the hobby gardener - only a few years ago powdery mildew was often found in verbena. Most new varieties are resistant today.

The pests can be driven off with a hard water jet or mild soapy water. Garlic brew or horsetail broth are used for general strengthening.

Can verbs hibernate?

Verbena are actually annual plants. But you shouldn't hastily banish the pretty flowering plants from the garden. With a few tips, a reproduction can succeed and the joy is great when the verbenas are in full bloom for the second or third year in a row.

Tip: Over the winter, verbena presumably appear to be more rotten in bloom.

Wintering verbena - how it works

  • Wait for flowering
  • Prune plants in autumn
  • Cover the plant with leaves or brushwood

The verbenas are cut back near the ground and covered with a thick layer of brushwood, straw or leaves.

The verbena can also be wintered in the bucket. If the planters are left outdoors, a wooden or styrofoam pad protects them from freezing. The planter can also be wrapped with foil or garden fleece.

Tip: There is no fertilization in winter. The plants should not dry out completely and therefore receive little water.

Use

In the flower box, verbena can be nicely arranged in connection with begonias, petunias or magic bells. You have the choice between hanging or compact growing varieties. The higher growing varieties are popular cut and dried flowers.

Verbena as a cut flower

If you want to put together a beautiful bouquet with verbena, cut it in the morning and remove the leaves on the lower half of the stem. Ideally, you should not place the bouquet in ice-cold water but at room temperature and add a pinch of sugar.

Tip: Verbena lasts the longest after cutting if the buds have not yet fully opened in the morning.

Verbena as a dried flower

Verbena are ideal for a dry bouquet. To do this, simply cut off the desired amount of plants and arrange them into small bouquets that you can easily tie together. Then you can hang the bouquets upside down in a dry and airy place. The attic, for example, is suitable for this.

Drying with the help of glycerine is somewhat more complex and cost-intensive. Glycerin is mixed with water. The water evaporates little by little and the glycerin preserves the verbena, keeps them flexible and gives them an interesting shimmer.

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