Fennel is not for everyone. But the trend is clearly towards the tuber. Accordingly, more and more gardeners are growing the delicious vegetables themselves.Fennel is a matter of taste
Some people shiver slightly when they hear the word fennel. No wonder, since we always had to drink fennel tea as children. Anyone who still dislikes vegetables should know one thing: there are worlds between fennel tea and fennel dishes. It is therefore worthwhile to prepare the vegetables yourself. Just make a salad out of it or prepare the fennel as a side dish. It is also a delicious addition to soups, sauces and pasta. You will definitely see that this is a completely different taste experience.
If you then like the tuber, you can grow the vegetables yourself in the garden. This is also very easy, because fennel is not particularly demanding. All you have to do is keep a few small things in mind to make the fennel grow the way you want it to.
General information about fennel
Did you know that fennel is one of the oldest spices in the world? Already 3000 BC The vegetables are said to have been used in Mesopotamia. Among other things, breastfeeding women were advised to drink fennel tea to stimulate milk production. It has only been known since the Middle Ages that the tuber helps a great deal against indigestion. And even today, many swear by the healing effects of stomach problems.
The tuber itself comes from the Mediterranean and the Near East and can grow up to 100 centimeters. It consists of an onion / tuber and stems with leaves that look very similar to the dill.
How to grow fennel properly
If you have got a taste and want to grow fennel yourself, then you do not have to do much effort. Just do the following:
1 It is always advisable to prefer fennel. To do this, put the fennel seeds in seed trays at the beginning of April, which you have filled with growing soil. Then let the seeds germinate for three weeks at a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees Celsius.
2The seedlings should be visible after these three weeks. Now you have to prick them out and put them in small pots. Let the plants continue to grow at around 15 degrees Celsius for about three weeks. Really be sure to lower the temperature as this will prevent the root necks from becoming too long.
3If the three weeks are up again, you can put the plants in the garden. Since the plant is originally from the Mediterranean, it likes a sunny and warm location. The soil must also be rich in nutrients. It is therefore best to enrich it with a little compost before planting.
4Now take the small plantlets by hand and place them in grooves at a distance of about 30 to 40 centimeters. The rows should also be about 40 centimeters apart. Then cover the plants with fleece or foil until there is no more frost.
By the way:
You can plant fennel alongside cucumbers. These types of vegetables work well together. Tomatoes and fennel, on the other hand, are not good neighbors.
5Once the bulb has reached the size of a fist, you can harvest the aromatic vegetables. That should be the case around the beginning of August. Then take the fennel out of the ground very quickly, because if it is left in the garden for too long when it is ripe, it may become woody or burst.
How to properly care for the vegetables
Fennel likes the sun, but it can also suffer from it. For example, when the summer is generally too dry and hot. Then you need to water the vegetables regularly. To prevent the soil from drying out, you can also mulch the fennel bed with straw. Otherwise, the fennel needs no further help with growing.