The crown of fame is an unusual and easy-care climber with fire-red flowers. No wonder if amateur gardeners want to increase the exotic. You even have 2 different options.© RukiMedia - Fotolia.com
The crown of fame (Gloriosa superba) is an attractive tropical plant that rises up to two meters in the right location.
Crowns of fame are fairly easy to care for and will also give beginners gardening happiness, because many maintenance mistakes are forgiven. The propagation of the plants is possible in different ways and involves more or less effort.
❍ Propagation by side tubers
A rather simple and promising method is the propagation by side tubers. The roots of the plant grow again year after year. Branches form at the roots of the stems, where the roots can be easily separated. An ideal time for this is the end of hibernation when the plant has to be repotted. Over the winter, the plant then increasingly formed secondary tubers, which can now be used for propagation.
" Tip: Using larger root pieces promises a more beautiful flower.
The individual steps:
❶ Separate the secondary tuber from the main tuber
❷ Use a sharp knife
❸ Place the secondary bulb in the planter
❹ The tip of the shoot should protrude upwards
Standort bright location at about 18 to 25 degrees
❻ rapid growth begins after germination
The elongated bulbs should be planted transversely. The buds are visible at the root ends. The bud ends should always point upwards and be covered with soil only a few centimeters. First of all, a little patience is required, because it can take weeks before a first instinct becomes visible. Once the shoot is out, the hobby gardener is rewarded, because eight to ten centimeters of growth every day are not uncommon.
" Attention: The plant is poisonous. Gloves should therefore be worn when dividing the roots.
❍ Propagation by seeds
Growing from seeds is possible, but is a challenge for the hobby gardener. Patience and gardening skills are required if young plants are to grow from the seeds.
Since the plant needs constant temperatures of around 20 degrees to germinate, a heatable small greenhouse is required. The seeds are placed in plant pots and lightly covered with substrate. It can take months for germination. The young plants are very delicate and should be watered with particular care. The roots can rot easily.
" Tip: Seeds of fame grown from seeds can only flower two to four years after germination.
Which substrate should I use?
A commercially available quality potting soil can be used for growing. It usually contains all the nutrients you need. In any case, the soil should be loose and nutritious. Commercially available potting soil has the pH value on the packaging. This should be between 5.5 and 6.
" Tip: If you mix the substrate yourself, use a mixture of garden soil sand, peat and compost.
Where to put the young plants?
After germination, the plants should move to a sunny to partially shaded location. As the plant grows quickly, a trellis is needed so that the tendrils of the crown of fame find a hold and the plant takes on a handsome shape.
Water and fertilize the young plants properly
The crowns of fame need enough water from the start. Make sure that the substrate does not dry out. The young plants are particularly sensitive to waterlogging. So that the water can run off freely, a drainage of gravel or shards of clay is helpful. If the plants are in a planter, check them regularly. Waterlogging can be harmful to the young plants after just a few minutes and, in the worst case, lead to root rot.
The irrigation water should be at room temperature. Rainwater is particularly well tolerated. To ensure high humidity, the plants should regularly receive a shower of rainwater. If the air is too dry, the plants react quickly with a brown coloring of the leaves. Especially in the case of a location near radiators, it is important to spray the plant regularly.
If compost has been added to the substrate, the young plants are adequately supplied with long-term fertilizer. During the growing season, the young plants can also receive commercially available liquid fertilizers in low concentrations.
Avoid pests in young plants
Young crowns of fame are particularly susceptible to pests and diseases. If the plant is subjected to major temperature fluctuations, which can be caused, for example, by a change of location after germination, brown spots on the leaves quickly appear. If the plant is dark, the leaves will dry up quickly and fall off. If the young plants suffer from an insufficient supply of nitrogen, the leaves can also change color. Care errors can also favor aphid infestation. The young plants should be checked regularly for pest infestation. Spider mites can also infect the crown of fame. Both pests are visible to the naked eye and can be controlled with soapy water, nettle stock or garlic stock. The plants are sprayed several times a week.
Overview of advantages and disadvantages
|Propagation by side tubers is quite simple and promising. If you already own a plant, you can easily grow new plants. Raising seeds is also an inexpensive way to soon call this exotic plant your own.||The propagation by seeds is complex and requires patience. Germination is quite lengthy. The young plants are particularly sensitive to waterlogging, react quickly to root rot or can be attacked by pests. A heatable small greenhouse should be available for growing from seeds.|