Flat peas are popular climbing plants with a decisive advantage: you can harvest and enjoy their plant parts. Find out how you can multiply the plant to get a rich harvest here.© farba2014 - Fotolia.com
The pea is a climbing plant that has been used for a very long time and is used to cultivate peas for consumption, processing and feeding. Whether as a side dish for various dishes, for refinement or as the basis for many dishes or for further processing, such as for the production of flour - the fruits of the flat pea can be used in many ways and therefore make it worthwhile to buy the plant. However, caution should also be exercised when eating the plant fruits and there are a few things to consider when planting and maintaining the crop. What you need to know and above all how the plant is propagated in order to be able to harvest even more of the legumes, you will learn below.
Interesting facts about the flat pea
If you want to plant various vegetables in your garden bed in order to get a rich harvest in autumn, the flat pea is often on the list of crops to be planted. Incidentally, this is available as a one-year-old and perennial plant, so you have to pay close attention to the details if you want the garden pea to grow for several years.
Not only the pea pods with their internal seeds are known to be edible, but also the young shoots of the flat pea and their flowers can be harvested and eaten.
»But be careful: If you overdo it with the consumption of the peas, pods and parts of plants, an active ingredient that is slightly toxic to us is taken, which is used for uncomfortability and health problems, e.g. Vomiting, may be responsible. However, this only happens if they are consumed in large quantities over a longer period of time.
- usually bears the legumes at the end of summer
- Most of the whole plant is edible
- Flowers are usually delicately colored from white to violet
- both annual and perennial plants can be bought and planted
- it is a climbing plant, therefore a climbing aid is needed
- Flowers are usually delicately colored
- Flat pea grows quickly and develops many shoots through which it spreads
- sunny and airy locations are preferred
Advantages and disadvantages of the flat pea
|✔ hardly places any demands on their location or the substrate||✖ is very popular with snails|
|✔ Thrives quickly and soon delivers the desired harvest||✖ needs a climbing aid to sprout upwards|
|✔ Many parts of the plant are edible, for example as a side dish or in a salad||✖ not all varieties are perennial and therefore have to be replanted every year|
|✔ quite a good plant, especially in the flowering period||✖ If the peas, pods or parts of plants are taken in too large quantities, this can lead to health problems|
|✔ easy to plant, can be sown directly in the garden at appropriate temperatures|
What speaks for and against the growth of the flat pea?
Of course, it is obvious that several leaf pea plants in the garden, with sufficient care in late summer, also offer the opportunity to harvest a richer crop. This may even leave some of the legumes and pods for freezing instead of immediately releasing them for consumption. This also offers a larger proportion of legumes that can be processed further or fed to cattle.
So if you want to harvest a large crop of flat peas for these purposes, you have every reason to put several of these plants in the garden. Certain varieties, such as the broad-leaved flat pea, are also among the bee-friendly plants and can therefore be planted in large numbers. At the same time, the flat pea spreads itself well in the bed, so that perennial plants take over almost automatically and can be used every year for harvesting the legumes. This also allows seeds to be collected for the next sowing of the plant.
There is actually nothing to be said against growing the flat pea if you keep an eye on your consumption of legumes and the plant components. The only disadvantage is that a large number of flat pea plants also means that you have to offer many climbing aids nearby - for example a fence - or have to provide them yourself, for example by sticks and wire.
Multiply flat pea - how it works
If you have planted a perennial type of flat pea in the garden or in the bed, you basically do not need to worry about its propagation: the roots spread out under the ground, because the crop spreads almost by itself. As a result, it can happen that entire garden areas or parts of the bed are taken up by the plant, provided that this is permitted and that no other plants that are willing to assert are in the way. Annual plants often also spread, but their shoots have died at the latest at the beginning of winter and can only provide benefits when harvesting in late summer if they have grown up quickly enough to bear legumes themselves.
Manually, however, both perennial and annual peas can be propagated by sowing the seeds. You can either use bought dry seeds or the self-harvested dry seeds of the flat pea from the pod. Both variants are simply sown in the bed in spring or can also be placed in a cold frame or flower box in the house in winter. Sowing perennial flat peas has the advantage that the young plants continue to thrive after the winter and soon have a rich harvest that can be expected every year.
Cut back recommended
If the planted and propagated flat peas are varieties of several years, they can be cut back after harvesting in late autumn. This prevents the many shoots from withering away after the winter. It also helps the plant to develop better and faster again next spring without old plant parts getting in the way. If you add some compost in the spring to loosen the soil around the plant, the perennial flat peas thrive quickly again and develop strong shoots that can carry a lot of legumes. It is important, however, that you water the plant regularly. But don't use too much water.