The pipe flower is a tropical climber that has some maintenance requirements. With proper care, however, it offers very good privacy protection.© irena iris szewczyk - Fotolia.com
The pipe flower (Aristolochia) is considered robust and resilient, however pest infestation does not fail to appear and maintenance errors can also lead to the ghost flower not growing as abundantly and blooming as desired. Now find out which pests of the jungle plant can be dangerous and what hobby gardeners can do to prevent diseases.
- 1 What maintenance errors can occur?
- 1.1 Avoid frequent maintenance errors
- 2 What pests can occur?
- 2.1 aphids
- 2.2 spider mites
- 2.3 Nematodes
- 3 1 × 1 for healthy pipe flowers
What maintenance errors can occur?
If the pipe flower throws its leaves in autumn, the hobby gardener need not worry. Falling leaves at this time of the year are perfectly normal. The plant will sprout reliably again next spring, albeit relatively late.
However, if there are brown leaf edges and dried leaves that curl or fall off during the growth phase, this is a clear indication of insufficient humidity. It should be borne in mind that the plants come from the rainforests of Brazil, where there is generally a high level of humidity. If the leaves are regularly sprayed with water, it is possible to prevent the air humidity from being too low.
If the plant is ailing, waterlogging can be the cause. If the pipe flower gets wet feet, this attacks the roots. Sooner or later the nutrient uptake will be affected and the plants will start to rot.
Avoid frequent maintenance mistakes
too low humidity
What pests can occur?
- spider mites
Aphids are comparatively harmless. If the plant is outdoors, there is no need to intervene in the case of mild infestation. With ladybirds or lacewings, the aphid has a whole range of natural predators, which take the hobby gardener's job over the summer.
If the pipe flower is cultivated in the room, too dry air can lead to an infestation. So that the pests do not spread to other plants, prompt action is required. There is also a risk that should not be underestimated for the plant. With its proboscis, the aphid bores into the cell tissue of the leaves and viruses can be transmitted, which can then seriously damage the pipe flower.
What should I do?
Chemical agents are not necessary to control aphids. Plant tinctures can be used to strengthen and strengthen the plant, as well as for direct pest control.
If the plant is already affected by aphids, a nettle slurry can help, which is easy to make yourself:
- Pick fresh nettles
- Mix 500 grams of flowering plant parts with five liters of water
- Let the mixture ferment for two weeks
- Dilute liquid manure 1:10 with water
- Spray the plant several times
As a preventive measure, horsetail broth is a good choice. This plant slurry is also made in a few simple steps:
- Collect horsetail herb
- let a kilogram of herb steep in ten liters of cold water a day
- cook for about 30 minutes
- Let cool and pour through a sieve
- Dilute two liters of liquid manure with ten liters of water
- Use horsetail broth for watering or spray plant
" Tip: A light soapy solution with which the plant is sprayed also has a preventive effect against aphid infestation.
Spider mites© chuc.de - Fotolia.com
Dry air can also lead to spider mite infestation. Here, too, the plant is weakened and damaged by sucking out the leaves. In the case of advanced infestation, this is visible in the withering and yellowing of the leaves.
Those who do not want to use chemical pesticides to control can use predatory mites. Predatory mites use the spider mite's larvae as a food source and do no harm to the pipe flower.
A higher level of humidity must also be ensured here. If the plants are smaller or the pipe flower has already been cut back, it can help to place the plant in a clear plastic bag. The bag is closed tightly. The pipe flower should stay in this mini greenhouse for about three days. A high level of humidity develops in the plastic bag, which causes the spider mites to die.
" Tip: Before the plant moves into the plastic bag, it must be watered sufficiently.
Since only the living mites and not the eggs are destroyed, the treatment must be repeated several times.
Nematodes are not really pests because they can also be useful. So the Bodenälchen support the composting and are used specifically to fight weevils or snails. However, it also happens that the maggots, which are only around a millimeter in size, cause direct damage, where they are least noticeable, at the roots.
What are the signs of nematodes?
- stunted growth
- withered leaves
- leaf fall
- Formation of root galls
If the infestation is noticed too late, there is often no salvation for the pipe flower. The infected plants should then be disposed of with the residual waste.
" Attention: Clean the garden tools used for this before you use them again.
Control of nematodes
If the infestation of houseplants is discovered, the plant should be repotted immediately and supplied with new soil.
If nematodes on potted plants are noticed, which are allowed to spend the summer outdoors, you can help yourself with a clever trick. Sow tagetes directly in the planter. The daisy family does the rest. A poison is excreted from the roots, which reliably kills nematodes. If possible, the flowers should grow in a dense lawn and cover the surface of the planter. A similar effect can also be achieved with marigolds.
1 × 1 for healthy pipe flowers
So that you have something from your pipe tree for a long time, you should pay attention to the correct care. Because this keeps your plants healthy and makes them more robust against pests.