Perennials & Ornamental Grasses

Anemones Care - Advice for healthy plants

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Anemones are very robust and sometimes forgive maintenance errors. However, the anemone does not forgive mistakes in watering so quickly. Caution is advised here.

© M. Schuppich - Fotolia.com

The anemone was once more common in the woods. Today the attractive plants have long found their way into our gardens. There they impress with abundance of flowers and splendor of colors. The anemones found in about 150 species offer both a first splash of color in the still dreary garden, as well as an atmospheric color fireworks as the end of the garden year. What you need to consider when caring for anemones can be read below.

content

  • 1 ✿ Water anemone
    • 1.1 Anemones pour in keywords:
  • 2 ✿ Fertilize anemones
    • 2.1 Anemones in brief:
  • 3 schneiden Cut anemone
  • 4 ✿ Winter anemones overwinter
  • 5 teilen Divide and multiply anemones
    • 5.1 Multiply tubers by division
    • 5.2 Multiply perennial plants by division2
  • 6 erkennen Detect diseases and pests from anemones
    • 6.1 What diseases can occur?
  • 7 ✿ Overview of care tips

✿ Water anemone

When cultivating easy-care plants, special attention must be paid to watering. If the robust anemone forgives some maintenance mistakes, neither dryness nor waterlogging can be tolerated.

" Tip: The sunnier the location is chosen, the higher the need for moisture.

So it is important to water moderately but regularly. If the plant is in partial shade, irrigation should be less, but should not be missed if the drought persists.

" Tip: The anemone loves watering with the shower.

Anemones pour in keywords:

  • water regularly
  • Drought is not tolerated
  • Waterlogging is not tolerated
  • Water more frequently in a sunny location

✿ Fertilize anemones

Fertilization of the anemone concentrates on the flowering period. It is advisable to use horn shavings or another long-term organic fertilizer. If you want to plant perennial plants in the spring, you can start preparing the soil in autumn.

If the location for planting in spring is already fixed in autumn, the hobby gardener can do preparatory work. A layer of leaves is spread out at the selected location. Over the winter, humus will form at the later planting site. In spring, the soil is enriched with compost immediately before planting or with an organic long-term fertilizer.

Anemones fertilize in brief:

  • Use slow release fertilizers during flowering
  • Enrich the soil with compost
  • Foliage layer in autumn stimulates humus formation

✿ Cut anemone

The hobby gardener should hold back when pruning the plants. There are several reasons for this. The early flowering varieties are able to sow themselves. If you want to save yourself the proliferation of anemones and want new plants, you should not remove the flowers early.

In contrast, varieties blooming in autumn usually do not sow themselves. By cutting back the faded stems, the plants are stimulated to bloom again. The leaves should remain on the plant as long as possible. Only yellowed leaves should be cut off. The plants supply themselves through the leaves with nutrients until late autumn, which are stored in the roots and ensure the strength for a rich flowering in the following year.

" Tip: A premature pruning of the leaves is acknowledged with flowering laziness the following year.

✿ Hibernate anemone

© hans_chr - Fotolia.com

Most species are hardy and no additional measures are necessary.

" Tip: With young plants, the foliage should be left on the plant. This offers additional winter protection.

In older plants, the petioles are cut about a hand's breadth above the plant. The plants can be protected from severe frosts by a layer of leaves or straw. Light watering can be done on frost-free days.

A few species are at risk of frost. This includes the garden anemone, the bulbs of which must be dug up in autumn and wintered dry and frost-free in the house.

There is also a risk of frost for the anemones cultivated in the bucket. The planter can freeze through quickly at low temperatures. This can be remedied by placing the plant pot on a wooden or polystyrene support. In harsh winters, the planter hibernates better in a frost-free place in the house.

✿ Divide and multiply anemones

The propagation can be left to the plants themselves in the case of many early-flowering anemones. If the flowers are not removed, the plants will sow themselves. The hobby gardener can also help with various methods and provide his garden with anemones.

Multiply tubers by division

The propagation by rhizomes is preferably carried out in autumn. The small side tubers on the main tuber are called rhizomes. Sufficiently developed plants are a prerequisite for this type of propagation.

  • Carefully dig out the secondary tubers
  • Separate the secondary tubers from the main bulb
  • Keep an eye on the growth direction
  • Insert secondary bulb at the desired location
  • Maintain growth direction
  • Close the planting hole
  • Water the plant
  • Apply winter protection

Care must be taken when digging out the nodules. A sharp cutting tool should be used to separate the main tuber. Sharp edges do less damage to the plant than frayed cut edges, which are more difficult to overgrow and are an entry point for bacteria and pests.

Since planting takes place before winter, the planting hole should be covered with brushwood or leaves.

" Tip: The bulbs do not have to be planted directly in the ground in autumn. Dry wintering in straw or sawdust is also possible.

Multiply perennial plants by division2

While bulbous plants sow themselves. This is rarely the case with herbaceous plants. Autumn anemones must therefore be reproduced in a targeted manner. Growing from seeds is theoretically possible, but it is complex and is therefore hardly practiced.

On the other hand, multiplication is common:

  • Expose roots
  • Share roots
  • Remove the more easily removable root piece
  • Transplant the root piece again
  • Pour section well
  • Cultivation like mother plant

While in conventional division the plant is completely removed from the earth, this is not possible with the autumn anemone, because it forms tap roots that reach deep into the soil. The roots are therefore only largely exposed. A division should be made every three to four years. This is important for the plants, otherwise a rather poor growth with correspondingly sparse flowering will occur.

✿ Detect diseases and pests from anemones

Anemones are robust plants and rarely affected by diseases. However, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure the health of the plants.

If the plant does not grow as usual and the leaves start to wilt, the soil needs to be checked. Waterlogging is a major threat to anemones. If the plants are too wet for a long period of time, the roots will start to rot. Only a quick change of location helps here.

Species that form taproot cannot spread sufficiently in a soil that is too compact. If there is not enough space left, the plant also begins to wither. The division described above helps here.

What diseases can occur?

Eating marks from caterpillars

If there are holes in the leaves, the caterpillars of various moths were at work. Here it helps to collect the caterpillars directly or to work with a suitable crop protection agent.

Anemones rust

The disease can be recognized by the brown color of the leaves. The affected leaves must be cut off immediately and do not belong on the compost.

Foliar nematodes

These pests cause yellow leaf spots. The leaves must also be removed here. Transplanting anemones may be necessary.

Anemones cup Ling

The fungus feeds on the roots of the plants. The filiform cells extend far into the ground. Suitable fungicides help.

✿ Overview of care tips

care measureexplanation
to waterIrrigation should not be neglected. Neither persistent dryness nor waterlogging are tolerated. A sunny location requires frequent watering.
FertilizeA long-term organic fertilizer should be administered during the flowering period. Compost or horn shavings are preferred.
To cutIf faded flowers are removed regularly, this promotes subsequent flowering. The leaves should only be removed after yellowing, otherwise the plants will lack nutrients the following year and will miss flowering.
overwinterMost species are largely hardy. Non-hardy anemones must be dug out and wintered in a dry and frost-free place. Anemones grown in a bucket should at best spend the winter in a frost-free place.
divisionAnemones with taproot should be divided every three to four years. Otherwise the plant would wither.

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