Perennials & Ornamental Grasses

Maintain torch lily - ensure the most beautiful bloom in summer


Once you have planted your torch lily in the right location, you will save yourself a lot of maintenance work. We'll show you what needs to be considered.

© (c) Johannes Rigg -

Torch lilies (Kniphofia) are very popular with gardeners worldwide and can therefore also be found very often in public places such as in the park. It is their torch-like bloom in summer that can keep people under their spell. In order to be able to sprout its beautiful flowers, however, the plant also makes a few demands on its holder, which are not to be neglected both when planting, propagating and in terms of care. The decorative plant, which is now available in more than 70 subspecies worldwide and which is also offered in a dwarf form, definitely needs the right watering, cutting, preparation for wintering and fertilizing in order to be durable in any garden and develop beautiful flowers in summer. The hobby gardener or enthusiast can find out how this works best here.

❀ Requirements for location, soil and weather

The beautifully looking torch lily with its red, often also orange or yellowish flowers prefers sunny locations, provided that they are well protected from wind and weather. This is important so that, despite the best care, the plant will not kink or be damaged. It is important to know that the torch lily needs nutrient-rich soils that are slightly damp but not too wet. So once the soil has dried slightly, the plant will not suffer any damage if it is watered again in good time. The fact that the ground or the earth around the torch lily should be permeable and loose is due to its sensitivity to waterlogging. In winter, it should also be noted that too much moisture is avoided as much as possible so that the crop does not rot due to snow and the like. Since the flowers of the Affodill plant occur in summer, a larger amount of nutrients is gladly accepted during this time.

❀ pour

After the winter, regular watering of the torch lily is particularly important to help the plant grow and strengthen again for the year. If it gets increasingly drier in summer and there are even dry periods, you should also water a little more often to keep the soil slightly moist. However, waterlogging must still be prevented during this time. Therefore, it is not only advisable to water it lightly, but also to loosen the soil a little from time to time around the plant. By the way, nothing should be left to chance when watering, because the plant can also quickly get sunburned. This means that if you water the plant when watering it, it can be damaged by the sun's rays, which are broken by the drops of water. Therefore, only the soil around the plant should be watered, preferably in the evening or morning when the sun is not yet high in the sky or has already sunk again.

❀ Fertilize

In this area of ​​care for plants, the torch lily makes it particularly easy. Because it has to be fertilized anything but frequently and heavily, although it prefers nutrient-rich soils. Too much fertilizer even damages the plant, making it easy prey for diseases or pests. Therefore, fertilization should be carried out with caution and preferably once less than once too much. If you want to do something good for the plant, you can add some compost to the soil when planting it in order to enrich the soil with nutrients. The following spring, additional compost can be added for the purpose, but only if it is placed in the well-drained soil around the plant. Otherwise, the torch lily does not need any further fertilization, so that you can save a lot of time and possibly money.

❀ pruning

There are only two times in the year at which a cut of the plant becomes necessary at all. So the gardener saves some work in garden maintenance in this regard too. On the one hand, it is possible to cut the leaves of the plant in spring before it blooms. This helps her to strengthen and firm bulging stems, but also new healthy leaves and beautiful flowers. On the other hand, you can cut the torch lily or its flowers in autumn when the flowers have withered. They are removed entirely, if necessary with a stem.

❀ wintering

Torch lilies can survive the winter outdoors and are considered to be perennial plants, but most subspecies have to be protected by at least some measures to make wintering easier. It is therefore important that the foliage of the plant is not cut off before winter, but that it is kept. It serves to protect the plant body. Laying brushwood around the torch lily can help protect its roots from frost. If you want to lay out leaves here, dry them thoroughly beforehand to avoid excess moisture. If you want, you can offer the plant an additional protective layer made of fleece - this also helps against the strong sun in winter.


Grooming torch lily - advantages and disadvantages


✔ In terms of fertilizing and cutting, there is usually very little care for the torch lily
✔ Watering only needs to be done moderately and as a preventative measure when it is dry
✔ Some varieties of the torch lily are winterproof without needing to be protected
✔ You will be rewarded for the care with attractive flowers and colors in the summer

✘ There are some precautions to be taken during the winter so that the plant can survive frost and cold temperatures
✘ Waterlogging must be avoided in any case, which can be difficult in winter, for example - the plant unfortunately rots quickly
✘ with insufficient or incorrect care, the torch lily becomes susceptible to diseases and pests

Basically, the torch lily is also a good garden or container plant for beginners or beginners who have not yet had much experience with the plant. Nevertheless, care must always be taken to prevent waterlogging, which can take a little more work. This should not be neglected, as waterlogging causes the plant to rot quickly.