Plant diseases

Dwarf pepper: Detect and combat diseases and pests

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Dwarf peppers are relatively robust, but not resistant to diseases and pests. In addition, the plant can also cause maintenance errors.

Dwarf peppers are relatively tough

All dwarf peppers are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, the robust plants register maintenance errors and show this with discolored or falling leaves or root rot. In winter, if the heating air is too warm and dry, infestation with spider mites and red spiders can also occur. With a little attention and care you can get everything under control. Incorrect maintenance can be corrected and the pests can be driven out using tried and tested means.

Recognize and avoid care errors

If the peperomia quickly loses many or even all of its leaves, this can have various causes. Eligible are:

❍ too much or too little light:

The dwarf pepper needs a bright and sunny location. However, direct sunlight is not cheap. So put the plant in a more suitable place.

❍ too much or too little water:

Water only once a week and ensure a good drain. The leaves also like high humidity. Occasional spraying with water is particularly good for them.

If the dwarf pepper receives too much water and water accumulates permanently, root rot occurs. You can recognize the disease by the fact that the peperomia smells musty and looks weak. Change the soil and remove rotten-looking root parts when repotting. The roots must dry well before being planted. If you are lucky, the plant will recover.

❍ nutrient deficiency:

The dwarf pepper generally requires little nutrients. In the growth phase from spring to autumn, you should provide him with a liquid fertilizer once a month. This will remedy a possible lack of nutrients.

❍ leaf discoloration:

Black discolored leaves occur when you use a shine spray. There are small stomata on the top of the leaf that the spray glues. The leaves then turn black and die. Lighter leaf discoloration, on the other hand, is usually a sign of pest infestation.

So that there are no problems with the peperomia in the first place, here are some important tips on how to properly care for the dwarf pepper.

Detect and combat spider mites and red spiders

The pests often spread in warm and very dry heating air. You can recognize the spider mite infestation by extremely delicate, white webs in the leaf axes and on the leaf margins. Dried and discolored leaves also appear.

Red spiders cover the whole leaves with a fine web. The leaves turn yellow, brown or copper-colored. You can also see small spots on the leaves, which can be white or yellowish.

Hilft This helps against the pests:

Shower the infested plant thoroughly. Also on the underside of the sheet. Then put the dwarf pepper still wet in a plastic bag and seal the bag airtight. The plant should then stay in a warm place in this packaging for several days. The resulting humidity creates a kind of sauna effect, which kills most pests.

To prevent this, spray the peperomia every week with lime-free, lukewarm water. This creates a higher level of humidity, which has a deterrent effect on the parasites.

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