Wild garlic is known as a delicious forest garlic. Hardly anyone knows that it can also be easily planted in the garden. However, the special location conditions must be observed.© Birgit Brandlhuber - Fotolia.com
Bear's garlic (Allium ursinum) is best known for its many healthy ingredients. The fragrant herb, which was actually named based on the preference of bears for wild garlic, contains a lot of vitamin C, for example. Wild garlic is not only found wild in the wild, but can also be wonderfully planted in the garden. Like any other herb, wild garlic places certain demands on its surroundings.
The right location for wild garlic
Partial shade and a slightly moist, humus-rich soil characterize the perfect location for wild garlic. Since wild garlic loves shade, the herb can be wonderfully planted under bushes with which it likes to share the available space. However, the plant is an outlier and spreads quickly in the garden like weeds.
If you do not want to see your entire garden populated with wild garlic in the future, you should assign a plant to the plant from which it cannot easily break out. A boundary with boards or stone slabs that have been dug vertically into the ground at the edge of the bed is therefore recommended.
If you want to cultivate wild garlic in a planter or on the balcony, you should ensure soil conditions that resemble those of a natural site. Since it is a forest plant, a humus rich soil and a partially shaded location are also crucial when planting on a terrace or balcony. While other types of leeks do not tolerate damp soils, this is not a problem for wild garlic. However, it must be a floor with sufficient permeability.
Although the herb likes it warm, direct sunlight should be avoided. The use of a layer of mulch, which can either consist of ripe compost or autumn leaves, also welcomes the weeds. If it is naturally a rather acidic soil, it makes sense to lime it at regular intervals.
Plant seeds or plants?
If you want to plant wild garlic in your own garden, you should better use ready-made plants. After all, it can take between 14 months and up to two years for the wild garlic seeds to finally become a complete plant. For many hobby gardeners, this simply takes far too long, so that a finished wild garlic plant is a less time-consuming alternative to planting the herb in your own garden.
However, there is still the possibility to sow wild garlic in your own garden if you wish and then be surprised by the plant over a year later. Wild garlic plants are available in any well-stocked garden center as bulb flowers, which are almost completely developed.
Plant wild garlic plants directly
If you have now decided on a wild garlic plant instead of the complex cultivation with seeds, you should definitely heed the following planting tips:
- Consider planting depth of about ten centimeters
- Maintain a planting distance of around 15 to 30 centimeters
- fresh wild garlic onions can also have been brought into the soil in autumn (then please choose a planting depth of seven centimeters)
After planting, the early bloomer should be watered well. During the growth phase, a soil that is always moist is extremely important so that the herb can thrive as desired. It is important to water the wild garlic sufficiently for several weeks, otherwise the plant cannot grow in its new location.
Once the wild garlic has grown in the garden or in the planting bowl, it does not need as much moisture as it did at the beginning. Incidentally, wild garlic usually only really gets going after three to four years and has grown steadily over the years. Three plants are enough to create a wild garlic bed. If the ideal location conditions are met, bear's garlic will grow considerably. A rich harvest is possible even with a few plants.
When can wild garlic be planted?
Basically, wild garlic can be planted all year round. The only exception are periods of ground frost. When the ground is frozen, the very robust and hardy plant shouldn't be planted in the ground.
Maintain wild garlic
Plant care is just as easy as planting wild garlic. Because the herb is not particularly maintenance-intensive. The weeds do not need a lot of water, so the irrigation of the garden plant should concentrate primarily on the growing phase and possible dry periods. In autumn, leaves can be used to mulch the beds, although a thin layer is sufficient. This increases the humus content of the soil, so that the site conditions are provided, which wild garlic expressly prefers.
Planting wild garlic in the garden - important information
If you plant wild garlic in the garden, you should know that it is a very aromatic plant, but also a little decorative herb. Bear's garlic can only be seen above the earth for a few months, mostly from May to June, so that there is a clear gap under the bushes, trees and bushes where the wild garlic was once planted. Most amateur gardeners want to avoid such bald spots. Therefore, it makes sense to combine wild garlic with other plants that fill the gap after the herb has flowered. These plants are: