Lovage can usually only be found with a lot of luck in retail. Therefore, it is advisable to multiply the lovage itself. In principle, this is very simple.© Sonja Birkelbach - Fotolia.com
A good reason to multiply lovage (Levisticum officinale) is that there is hardly any fresh maggot herb on the market. In the supermarket, you will probably search in vain. You may be lucky at a weekly or farmer's market when regional suppliers offer the fruits of the field and garden. However, it is much easier if you grow Maggikraut yourself. You have two options: propagation by root division and propagation by seeds.
Admittedly, it is often a love at second glance and if maggot herb with its intense aroma has not put you off, the vigorous umbellifer is sure to delight. The uncomplicated plant is easy to multiply. If you lack the herb garden, that's no problem. The young plants will also develop well in the tub. Find out now what is important when reproducing lovage and what options are available to you.
Propagation by root division
Lovage does not take long in the garden bed until it appears as a strong and dominant plant. Already in the first year of standing you will be able to enjoy strong and almost man-sized plants. This is a sign that the roots are already well developed and can soon be shared.
➮ When is the best time for root division?
The roots should not be divided during the growth phase. You also have the opportunity to do this in late autumn and spring. There shouldn't be any ground frost in autumn. For the propagation in spring, it should be borne in mind that the plant should not yet begin to sprout.
➮ Propagation by root division explained step by step
❶ First of all, you have to dig out the entire plant. When digging out the plants, you will probably have to use some strength, because the roots are partly hidden deep in the ground. You should then completely remove the soil from the root ball.
❷ To prevent germs from getting into the plant during the subsequent cut, you must rinse the root ball thoroughly with water before division. You can then split the root in the middle or in several segments, depending on the size. With a sharp and germ-free knife you achieve a clean cut and do not injure the plant more than necessary.
❸ You should not immediately plant the individual root sections again, but let them dry for a few hours.
❹ You can then plant the newly acquired plant separately. You should keep a distance of at least half a meter from the mother plant. Then water the new plant well.Tip:
Root pieces that are not required for propagation do not belong on the compost, but can refine sauces and soups.
Propagation by seeds
The propagation by seeds is somewhat more complex and long-term and therefore a challenge for every hobby gardener. If you are thinking of sowing lovage, you must first get the seeds. If you already have a plant, you can of course obtain the seeds yourself and save the additional costs. If, on the other hand, you make friends with Maggikraut in the herb garden for the first time, you can purchase the required seeds from specialist shops or also from Amazon.
➮ How can the seeds be obtained?
The small, rather inconspicuous yellow-greenish flowers appear around June. In order for the brown fruits to ripen, you must leave the long flower stems on the plant. It is not uncommon for these to reach a height of two meters and more. In late summer the time has come. Then you can harvest and dry the seed.
➮ Seed propagation explained step by step
❶ Place the seeds in the culture pots and only cover the soil lightly with soil. The germ temperature should not be below 20 degrees.
Anschließend You must then keep the seeds moderately moist. In addition, the seeds need even heat and moisture. On top of that, a foil cover promotes germination, because the cover with foil simulates the climate in a greenhouse and accelerates the germination.
❸ Then you have to wait, because it can take a while for the seeds to germinate. With a little luck, the first tender shoots will show up in less than two weeks. But it can also happen that almost two months pass before the sowing is successful.
❹ If germination begins, you must keep the seeds warm and water them regularly. Strong young plants then develop comparatively quickly. Once these have reached a height of about 15 centimeters, you can plant out the small lovage plants. After that, all that matters is proper care of the lovage.
➮ What do the young plants need?
- bright, partially shaded location
- nutrient-rich soil
- Apply fertilizer during the growing season
- regular watering
Types of propagation with their advantages and disadvantages
+ This method can be done quickly and easily.
+ There are no additional costs for the hobby gardener.
+ No additional aids are needed.
+ The mother plant gains strength and joy of growth through the division of the roots.
+ The divided segments can be cultivated like conventional plants.
- A vigorous plant must already be available for this type of propagation.
- Without sharp and disinfected tools, germs can penetrate the plants.
+ The seeds can easily be obtained from an existing plant.
+ Numerous new plants can be grown from just a few seeds.
- If there is no plant, the seeds must be purchased.
- Aids are necessary and also a location for setting up the planting bowl.