The waypoint with its blue flowers can often be found along the way. The popular medicinal plant can also be kept in the garden. The right location is a prerequisite.© yurich84 - Fotolia.com
The Wegwarte (Cichorium intybus var. Intybus) is not just the flower of the year 2009, which has been known since 1753, but also a popular medicinal plant that can be found on many of the waysides. This is why the Wegwarte gets its name. After all, the robust plant, which is less susceptible to disease and pests, seems to be waiting for people passing by on the wayside. With its bright blue flowers, the plant grows to a height of a good one meter. The leaves of this versatile plant are reminiscent of dandelions. This means that confusion, especially at the young plant stage, cannot be ruled out.
The native perennial, which is also known as the common waypoint, is also known for its magical attraction to bees. So there is a hustle and bustle in your own garden. The medicinal and medicinal plant is also a very old cultivated plant that has hardly lost in popularity. In the past, some plant components were even added to coffee beans in order to create a special aroma.
The use of the Wegwarte as a medicinal plant
The pathway is so popular as a medicinal plant, above all because of its extremely versatile uses. For all diabetics, for example, the common waypoint is traded as a starch substitute. But even with eczema and skin diseases, the plant promises relief on a purely natural basis. In the past, the control room was used just as frequently to clean the following organs:
In addition, the crop, which belongs to the genus Asteraceae, is also good for the mind. After all, the medicinal and vegetable plants are said to have a stress-reducing effect as well as a psychorelaxing and sedative effect. In the pharmaceutical industry, various ingredients of the common waypoint are still used today - both for internal and external use. Not only are medicinal herb recipes for diabetics known, but also for the following clinical pictures:
- eye infections
- Skin - for example eczema
- Metabolic disorders
- with problems in the area of the pancreas
Since it is a wild herb that can also be consumed, the wayward has been used in the past for an early health cure, among other things.
Important constituents of the Wegwarte
In order to understand the importance of the wayward as a medicinal plant, as well as in the domestic kitchen, you can take a look at the list of some of the special ingredients of the non-toxic plant, which can be found above all on the wayside, in fields and on river and railway embankments , on. These are as follows:
- folic acid
- Vitamins B and C.
- Tannins / acid
- Volatile oil
- potassium salts
If you want to collect the wayward for use as a medicinal plant or in the kitchen, which can be done outdoors without any problems, you should collect the herb from June to September. The flowers, on the other hand, are best collected from July to September, while the following collection time is ideal for the roots of the common pathway:
Legends and rumors - a very special plant
Many stories have been told in the past about the common waypoint. The plant was said, for example, that this plant would be a virgin that had been turned into a plant. While the lover of the virgin unfortunately had to give up his life in the war, the young woman simply did not want to accept this fate. For this reason, she became a waiting room - with her beautiful blue eyes, she was able to wait for her beloved on the roadside and is still waiting there today.
While the virgin is said to have expressly wished for the transformation to the way-watch, there is also another legend that describes this plant as a real lucky plant. The medicinal herb can therefore help hunters in luck and significantly improve their accuracy. However, a certain ritual had to be carried out in order to achieve the desired effect. This ritual must take place on the day of St. Jacob, that is, July 25th. On this day, the hunters were supposed to dig out the common way from the earth with the help of a piece of gold. You should then take the rhizome and always carry it with you as a lucky charm.
Popular names for the way attendants
Since it is a legendary plant, it is not surprising that the common waypoint is known by many popular names. These include:
- rabbit milk
- Blue thistle
- water Wart
- Irish hard
- dog Läufte
- Rough Heinrich
- Wild endifi
- Zigen your flower
- path light
- coffee herb
- sun wire
- Poor sinner Flower
Other special features of the control room
But it's not just the legends surrounding the wayfarer that make the plant so special. Rather, the medicinal herb also exhibits very special behavior, which many observers are extremely fascinated by. As the flowers open in the early morning to shine in their full blue glory, they eventually reappear in the early afternoon. This usually happens at around 3:00 p.m. when the plant “goes to bed,” so to speak. Cloudy weather can even cause the plant to close its flowers even earlier and then hide its full beauty from the viewer.
The way attendant can delight not only purely visually, but also this stubbornness of the plant makes it a real eye-catcher in a hobby garden. In addition, the Wegwarte can even be processed into a tasty game salad and has proven to be extremely bee-friendly.
In a way, the Wegwarte can be seen as the archetype of well-known winter salad varieties such as radicchio, sugar loaf or chicory, since these plants are very closely related. This also applies to the way attendant and the endive salad. In sauces and soups, the Wegwarte can even be used as a substitute for spinach. Since the leaves of the Wegwarte sometimes taste quite bitter, it makes sense to soak them in water for several hours, as they then lose bitter substances, which has a positive effect on the taste.
Those who dig up the waiting area in late summer can then dry the plant and grind it to a coarse powder when completely dry. This should then be roasted in a pan. Only then can the powder be brewed with hot water to prepare a tasty drink that one or the other amateur gardener may even know from his grandmother. Then there is also talk of so-called chicory coffee, a kind of domestic coffee for poor people.
About the growth of the Wegwarte
The Wegwarte is best used on spacious open spaces, and can also be used as a single bed perennial. A planting distance of around 55 centimeters therefore makes sense. This corresponds to a distribution of three to five plants on an area of one square meter. With its rosette-like growth, the common waypoint can reach a height of around 60 to 100 centimeters. The width of the plant is a good 50 to 60 centimeters. The simple flowers are usually characterized by a light blue color, as well as a beam-like shape.
With a size of less than five centimeters, the flowers are also quite small. The Wegwarte's heyday extends from July to September, so that the plant certainly does not belong to the group of early bloomers in its own garden. As already mentioned, the leaves resemble those of the dandelion. In autumn, the plant throws off the matt, coarse leaves as dark green foliage.
Which location does the control room prefer?© Dinadesign - Fotolia.com
This native wild perennial wants a fresh to dry soil and should therefore be protected from waterlogging. In addition, the soil must be sufficiently nutritious, rich in humus and loamy to sandy. Sun also prefers the common way-watch when used outdoors as follows:
- in the bed
- in the herb garden
Even if the Wegwarte is actually a fair weather plant, it adapts comparatively well to more extreme conditions. The higher the nutrient content of the soil, the more the control room sprouts up. A slightly alkaline bed with a pH of 6.5 to 7 is very appealing to the wayward. The long, strong roots of the hardy perennial, which is perennial, then flourish there.
Find the right planting partner for the wayward
In a bed with a mixture of medium-high and tall perennials, the wayward is doing very well. Plant partners who prefer a location similar to the medicinal plant are most recommended. This is the case for example with these plants:
- St. John's wort (yellow)
- Origanum (pink)
- wild carrot (white)
- Scabious knapweed (purple)
- Mallow (pink)
If these planting partners are combined with one another, a wonderful variety of colors is ensured in your own garden.
Multiply the control room and spread it in your own garden
Thanks to self-sowing, the way attendance in your own garden sometimes spreads even more than one or other hobby gardener would like. Since the waiting areas are so-called dark and warm germers, targeted sowing in your own garden is only recommended from April or May.
If the waypoint is to be planted as a young plant in the garden, this is best done in spring. Perennial and wild plant nurseries in particular have specialized in the offer of waiting as young plants and as seeds. Waiting away, simply digging out of the great outdoors and planting it in your own garden is not recommended.
An organic complete fertilizer can be used specifically to ensure that the wayfarer in the garden thrives particularly well. However, compost that has been treated with enough horn shavings is also suitable for fertilizing the plant. The same applies even to horse manure, if it should be available.