Levkoys can not only decorate garden beds. They also cut a very good figure in bouquets. So it is worth planting this flower.© lana_m - Fotolia.com
Levkias (Matthiola) are cruciferous plants and can be found mainly in the Mediterranean and in some areas of Asia. They are available in an impressive variety of species. While smaller specimens cut a good figure in the balcony box, the higher types are required as cut flowers. Levkins are mostly herbaceous plants, but also occur as subshrubs. A lavish bloom is the figurehead of the Mediterranean flowering plants. The color spectrum ranges from white, yellow and pink to strong red or delicate pastel shades.
If you want to bring a colorful sea of blossoms into your cottage garden and want to have the balmy summer nights framed by the seductive scent of levkoys, you will now find out everything you need to know to plant the popular cut flowers and successfully cultivate them.
When is the best time to plant a bunk?
Levkias are biennial plants that should be planted in late February to late March. Autumn is less suitable as a planting time because the near winter can lead to frost damage. The planting should therefore always be done on a mild and frost-free day.
What is the right location?
Levkoys can be planted in the cottage garden as well as in the perennial border and appreciate the company of ranunculus, gold lacquer or larger leaf plants. The plants prefer to thrive in a sunny spot. A protected location near walls or house walls is an advantage. It is also important that you support taller varieties so that they do not kink in strong winds.
What should the substrate be like?
Levkoys make no special demands on the substrate. You can use normal garden soil for planting. However, it is advisable to prepare the soil a few weeks before planting and to add compost. This gives the plants an effective long-term organic fertilizer. By adding garden lime or stone powder, you also meet the requirements of the plants with regard to a calcareous substrate. So that the moisture can drain off well, it is advisable to create a drainage of pottery or gravel.
Young plants have sensitive roots. Therefore, the floor should not dry out.
Planting Levkoys - step by step instructions
Planting levkoys in the perennial border can be exciting. Because when you put the plants in the ground, their flower buds do not reveal what color the flowers will ultimately be. If you plant the plants in groups in the perennial border, a colorful firework display will reveal itself from May that will surely delight your gardener's heart. If you also regularly remove dead flowers, the new buds will quickly ensure a long-lasting rain of flowers. Proceed as follows when planting:
- Provide young plants with liquid complete fertilizer a few weeks before planting.
- Select location.
- Prepare the soil.
- Dig out planting holes at a distance of at least 20 centimeters.
- Immerse the root ball in water until no more air bubbles form.
- Place plants up to their lower pair of leaves in the planting hole.
- Close the planting hole.
- Water plants.
- Protect taller varieties from demolition with a stick.
If you would like to use the higher varieties later as cut flowers, we have an interesting contribution for you here: Extending the durability of cut flowers: 8 tips from the cut to the right location.
Sowing Levkoys - How To Do It Right
- Levkoye seeds can be planted in early summer (around June).
- Place seeds in planters filled with garden soil and only press gently.
- Place plant pots in a protected location (18 to 20 degrees).
- Always keep the soil moist.
- Put plants in a larger planter in late summer.
- Hibernate young Levkoy plants bright and cool.
Planting or sowing bunkers: advantages and disadvantages at a glance
+ Flowering in the first year after planting.
+ Planting quickly and easily.
- Young plants must be used or purchased.
+ Seeds are inexpensive or can be obtained yourself.
+ The seeds germinate in a few days.
- Young plants have to hibernate indoors and only flower in the following year.
- The effort is greater.
- The method is lengthy.
Keep the bunk in the bucket
If you want to enjoy the blooming and wonderfully fragrant plants even in a small space, tubing is an alternative. It should be noted that the plants in the bucket require more care than levboje cultivated outdoors. Here is an overview of the most important points:
The substrate should be of particularly high quality. So enrich the potting soil with compost, sand and rock flour. So that the water can run off, it is also advisable to create a drainage of clay or gravel before planting.
To prevent waterlogging and the sensitive roots rot, you should check the soil regularly. The floor should always dry slightly before the next watering.
You should fertilize the levkins during the growing season at two to three week intervals with a commercially available liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.