Carnations are extremely popular with hobby gardeners due to their colorful flowers and the wide variety of varieties. They are easy to plant and have little need for maintenance.© tinadefortunata - Fotolia.com
Carnations (Lychnis) are glue herbs and belong to the family of carnation plants. The plants are biennial or perennial and can reach between 30 and 90 centimeters in height, whereby the dwarf carnation grows only 20 centimeters high. Carnations are popular ornamental plants in our latitudes and are quite common in gardens and parks. The biodiversity promises a colorful flower round. With the following planting tips, we will show you how carnations will soon feel comfortable in your garden.
Find the right location
The choice of location should depend on the type of carnation you have acquired. In general, carnations prefer a sunny location. The plants are welcome to be exposed to the full sun. Especially in the farm garden, the colorful light carnations are eye-catchers. The plant also feels at home in the perennial border. Popular plant neighbors are the Filzige Hornkraut and the Heiligenkraut.
" Tip: Carnations grow quickly in width and should have enough space available. For group plantings, you should not use more than five plants per square meter.
Carnations occur in almost all locations in the great outdoors. Some species feel comfortable on moist soil, others prefer to thrive on dry grass and on the edges of fields.
In most cases, however, carnations are willing to compromise and thrive even if the choice of location is not really optimal. If you are not sure about the location, you can generally not do anything wrong with a place in partial shade.
" Tip: The more humid the ground is, the more sun tolerates carnations.
We have listed the location conditions for some popular varieties separately:
|Campion Type||location condition|
|Silene coronaria||❍ The crown-carnation prefers a moist and well-drained soil.|
❍ Sun is well tolerated.
❍ It is important to protect the plant from the blazing midday sun.
|Alpine Catchfly||❍ The Alpine carnation also feels comfortable in a dry sandy soil.|
❍ Slightly acidic substrate is also popular.
❍ Choose a sunny location.
|Ragged Robin||❍ The cuckoo carnation likes to get wet feet.|
❍ The floor should be fresh and permeable.
❍ Cuckoo carnations thrive in the sun as well as in partial shade.
|Red carnation||❍ The substrate should be as moist as possible.|
❍ Sun to partial shade are ideal locations.
|Fall catchfly||Le Autumn plywood prefers a lean and calcareous soil.|
❍ The plant can stand in full sun.
Select the right substrate
The same applies to the choice of substrate as to the location, the requirements differ between the individual species. Frequently cultivated species such as the burning love or the garden carnation get along well with conventional garden soil. Crown carnations prefer a sandy and rather dry soil. If the substrate is rather acidic, you will be well advised to use the Alpine carnation. The cuckoo carnation prefers a particularly moist environment. It is welcome to be planted on moist soil near the water.
The best planting time
Planting of carnations can begin at the end of March. A prerequisite for this is a completely thawed floor and frost-free weather conditions. Otherwise the planting time shifts accordingly. If you can provide the young plants with sufficient water, carnations can be planted all summer long. From around September onwards, no new plantings should be undertaken. The plants are hardy, but still need a certain amount of time to grow well in the frost-free substrate.
The planting of the carnations is quite uncomplicated. A distinction must be made again with regard to the different varieties. Carnations that prefer a dry and lean soil can be put in the ground immediately. Varieties that need particularly moist locations should be placed with their root ball in a container with water for some time before planting so that the plant can supply itself with moisture. If there are no more air bubbles in the container, the plant can be placed in its new location.
❶ Select location
❷ Loosen the soil and remove weeds
❸ Dig out the planting hole at least twice the size of the root ball
❹ Enrich the substrate with compost and horn shavings
Einsetzen Insert the plant
❻ Close the planting hole
❼ Press the earth down well
Ang Water the plant
Sowing carnations - how it's done
Carnations can also be sown. The seed can be obtained from existing plants or can be purchased in specialist shops. Sowing is then carried out directly outdoors. Carnations are light germs. Therefore, the seed is simply sprinkled, lightly pressed on and not covered with soil. Sowing can be done all year round.
" Tip: If sown in winter, the seeds fall into a kind of winter stiffness and only begin to germinate in spring, with the first warm rays of the sun.
Germination takes place from a soil temperature of 18 degrees. Keep the seeds evenly moist. Germination begins after about three weeks.
Hold the carnations in the bucket
Some types also look good in a bucket. These include the cuckoo carnation and the alpine carnation. Container plants are to be watered regularly and can be supplied with additional nutrients during the growth phase with a commercially available liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. Carnations in the bucket are not hardy and should be assigned a bright and frost-free winter area. Fertilization should be stopped in winter.