Perennials & Ornamental Grasses

Multiply camellias by cuttings - explained step by step

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At the end of June the time has finally come. Then you can multiply your camellias by cuttings. But be careful: there are a few important things to consider.

Camellias can be easily propagated through cuttings Camellias belong to the tea plant family and are originally native to the East Asian region. But the beautiful plants are also widespread in Europe and have been very popular as ornamental plants since the 19th century. Even so popular that some don't get enough of these beautiful plants. It can be helpful if you know how camellias can be propagated.

Camellias can be propagated by cuttings

Camellias are mainly propagated by cuttings. To do this, you have to cut the camellia during its rest phase, i.e. when a new shoot has just emerged. The ideal time has come when the so-called terminal bud has split and the plant bark turns slightly olive. So it should be ready by the end of June.

Sometimes you can also put older cuttings that are already slightly woody. It is only important that this is done before flowering in winter.

You need:

  • Greenhouse
  • sharp knife
  • substratum
  • heating pad
  • rooting hormone

And this is how it is done:

1Select young shoots that are not yet completely woody and cut them at an angle. The cuttings should be about 10 to 15 cm long. Then remove approximately half of the leaves, leaving only three leaves.

2 Now take the cuttings and dip them in rooting powder. This then ensures that the cuttings form roots more quickly. As rooting hormone, we can recommend Seradix, for example, which e.g. is available in nurseries.

3Afterwards you have to insert the cuttings into sterile substrate. This should primarily consist of peat, sand and a pinch of lime on a liter of substrate. As an alternative, you can also use Seramis. It is permeable and reliably stores moisture over a long period of time.

4Now it is important that you take good care of the camellias. You have to e.g. always keep moist. In addition, the air humidity must be around 70 to 80 percent. You can do this e.g. with a foil hood. Furthermore, a constant soil heat of approx. 25 degrees is important for the growth of the cuttings. Therefore, always place a heating mat under the indoor greenhouse.

Provide the right conditions, then root the cuttings in about eight weeks. After about three growth spurts, the cuttings will flower.

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