The goji berry is a wonder of nature. Your fruits meet two expectations. Find out how to grow and care for this plant here.© samopauser - Fotolia.com
Fruit and vegetables from your own garden promote well-being and health. Hobby gardeners know which fruits and vegetables are good for them.
Such a beneficial fruit is undoubtedly the goji berry (Lycium barbarum). In many places it is also called "wolfberry plant". There are also some trivial names like Devil's Thread or Chinese Wolfberry.
Its cherries and cranberry-tasting fruits and their health-promoting effects have won numerous fans among gardeners. Therefore, you should also be pleased that the goji berry can also be easily grown in the home garden.
Brief description of the plant
This climbing shrub probably originates from the Southeast European and Southeast Asian region. The Ranker can reach a height of up to 3.5 meters, it becomes about 1 meter wide. It grows overhanging with shrubs.
From June to August, the goji berry develops purple flowers. From this, elongated to rounded, orange-red fruits develop, which you can then harvest from August to October. The shrub bears fruit for the first time three years after its planting.
The Goji berry makes these demands
For the wolfberry plant, you must choose a sunny and airy location. Sunlight is particularly important for a profitable harvest. In addition, the shrub should be well ventilated, otherwise there is a risk that it will be affected by mildew.
The climbing shrub also forms runners on garden soils that are well accepted by the goji berry. The ideal soil for the plant is permeable, as well as sufficiently moist and humic. If you have a heavy garden soil, loosen it with sand and a strong dose of humus.
Incidentally, the cultivation of goji berries is also successful in regions with saline soils.
❍ Planting time:
You can plant the wolfberry plant all year round, provided the soil is frost-free at the beginning of the year. Some online plant suppliers offer young plants in a 2 liter pot from April to September.
The best time to plant the goji berry is in spring, from March to May. So the Ranker can develop optimally over the growing season.
❍ Planting instructions:
- Dig a 40 cm deep hole for the young plant. Put compost in this hole. You can also mix the excavated material with compost.
- Now place the plant in the planting hole so that it sits 30 centimeters deep in the ground. Then fill the hole with the excavation.
- Before watering the young plant, it is best to put a watering rim around the root area. Ultimately, the plant is watered thoroughly.
To make it easier for young goji berries to grow, you should water them regularly in the first few weeks after planting.
How to properly care for the plant© Dionisvera - Fotolia.com
Watering and fertilizing:
Once the plant has grown well, water it only if the drought persists. The soil can be moist, but the Goji berry cannot tolerate too much moisture.
For fertilization, add fresh compost around the root area in spring. No further fertilization is required.
With the right cut, you can ensure that the plant is strong and stable.
❶ In the first year after planting, cut your goji berry back to 20 centimeters.
❷ A year later they leave a maximum of 5 or 6 thick shoots, you can remove all others. In July, flowers will form in the upper part of the shoots that you have left standing.
❸ They rejuvenate the Ranker for the first time in the 4th year after planting and then every 2 years thereafter. Remove 2 old shoots each. Two young shoots let you grow back. A maximum of 10 shoots should be left permanently.
❹ However, you can regularly remove dead, dry wood.
Diseases & pests:
The wolfberry plant is often prone to mildew. The damage is evident from the white, mealy coating on the leaves and later on the entire plant. Affected parts of plants are generously cut from the shrub and disposed of in household waste.
You should largely avoid fungicides, as you may ingest them through fruits. As a preventative measure, you can spray the fenugreek plant every two weeks from the start of the shoot with a plant broth made from horsetail. This makes it stronger and more resistant to mildew.
The goje berry is frost hardy down to -26 ° C. Therefore, winter protection for the shrub is unnecessary.
However, if you brought your young plants into the ground in autumn, frost protection is already appropriate for the first winter. Cover the root area with a layer of leaf mulch: The best way to protect the shoots is with coniferous twigs.
The goji berry is a climbing shrub with tasty and health-promoting fruits. The shrub can reach a height of 3.5 meters. He loves a sunny and airy place. The soil should be permeable, moist and humus.
The fruit bush is poured in long-lasting dryness and fertilized only with compost. The cut is made according to a special chronology. The goji berry is hardy, but the autumn planting must be protected in the first winter.