The Clematis is a true climber and a real feast for the eyes in the garden. It grows very well even in a pot. But only if you plant and care for them properly.
In addition to the climbing rose, the clematis is probably one of the most beautiful climbing plants ever. This is not surprising, because the "Queen of Climbing Plants" captivates with its beautiful bloom. It is also a real all-rounder. After all, you can not only use it to green fences, house walls and garages, you can also keep them in a bucket. But unlike the rose, which is more robust, hardy and a little less demanding in comparison, you have to pay attention to a lot when planting a clematis. And there are also a lot to consider when it comes to care.
This is how the clematis is planted properly
In principle, clematis can be planted all year round. It is best, however, if you plant the container plants from August to October, because then the soil temperature is optimal. As a result, the roots grow better, which brings the plant through winter much more easily.
As far as the choice of location is concerned, the Clematis is actually quite undemanding. It does not want shade and direct sunlight, but a mixture of both. A partially shaded spot is best.
The floor must also be loose. A clay soil is unsuitable because the water can accumulate in it. Here the clematis would come in very quickly and everything was in vain. The best way to loosen up heavy soils is to fill up the bottom 10 centimeters of the planting hole with sand or grit so that no waterlogging can occur. Good topsoil mixed with older compost is the best you can offer the Clematis. Then add a little horn shavings, do everything right. Then you have to do the following:
❶ Place the pot in a water bath for about 10 minutes before planting. In the meantime, you can dig out a planting hole that is twice the size of the plant pot. Then add compost and horn shavings to the earth.
❷ Now carefully take the plant out of the pot and put it so deep into the ground that the first buds are around 10 centimeters below the ground. Among other things, this prevents an infestation with the wilting clematis. If you plant the clematis on a wall trellis, it is advisable to keep a distance of 10 centimeters from the trellis. This allows moisture to dry better. Otherwise, the clematis always needs a climbing aid.
❸ Now you have to press the floor well and water it generously. Afterwards it is advisable to apply a layer of bark mulch about 10 centimeters thick to protect the root area from drying out.
❹ Since the clematis is a forest vine, they are used to the fact that the lower part of the plant is shaded. It is best to shade the clematis in the lower part with perennials such as Funkien or purple bells.
How to properly maintain the clematis
Since the clematis is a very thirsty vine, you need to water it regularly. So you have to make sure that the soil never dries out. So keep an eye on the plants, especially in spring and summer.
In the first year in which you planted the clematis, you do not need to fertilize them yet. The mixed compost is sufficient. Only in the second year, especially during the growing and flowering period, does the clematis need some fertilizer. It is best to administer an organic or mineral fertilizer in the spring. We recommend e.g. Horn shavings.
As far as cutting is concerned, you have to distinguish between three cutting groups:
Clematis, which bloom from April, already form their buds in autumn. So never cut them back in spring, but after flowering, if at all. But you don't necessarily have to use the secateurs.
Clematis plants that bloom in early June plant their buds in spring. You have to cut them in late autumn. You can even cut it back to the desired height.
All clematis, which bloom at the end of June and July, form strong and long new shoots every year. So you don't need the old shoots from last year to bloom. That's why you can cut them back radically in autumn.
The Clematis varieties sold by us are usually hardy. So you don't need any special protection. For all other varieties, you have to cover the root area in winter with some brushwood or a reed mat. If you keep your clematis in a bucket, it can remain outside during the winter. However, a sheltered place is important here.