If you like succulents, you cannot avoid echevery. How and where it is planted, we reveal in our little guide.© @nt - Fotolia.com
Echeverie spreads Mediterranean charm as a decorative thick-leaf plant. A special eye-catcher are the leaf rosettes, which can have different colors and shapes. A special joy for every hobby gardener are the pretty flowers, which produce some species. In order for the decorative plant to develop well, it needs the appropriate “start in life” and this begins with the planting. Find out now how you can help these pretty exotic plants to grow and bloom with the right choice of location and substrate.
Plant description and distribution area
They are evergreen, perennial succulents. The Echeverie is particularly rich in species and there are leaf rosettes of different sizes and colors. The thick fleshy leaves are mostly arranged without a stem. However, some species also grow as shrubs. The succulents can have pink, orange or red flowers. Some species also bloom green or yellowish.
The natural distribution area of the Echeverie is to be found in Central and South America. The plants are particularly widespread in Mexico or Texas. The succulents grow there at altitudes of up to 3,000 meters. However, the plants are not found in Chile and Brazil.
Find the right location
The Echeverie is a sun child. It loves a bright location and copes well with direct sunlight. The plant acknowledges a too dark location with leaf deformation and leaf fall. The plants are welcome to stand all year round on the sunny south window.
➔ Tip: Echevery should receive at least three hours of sun a day.
In summer, the plants can move to the garden. Pure sun is also desired here. The echeveria should not be placed in the shade of other plants. A location near water or gutters is also not ideal, because the plants are sensitive to moisture.
Which location promotes flower formation?
If you want to enjoy the flowers of your echevery, you should choose a winter quarter that is not too warm - around ten degrees is optimal. If the temperatures are still a bit lower, the prospect of blooming in the following year increases.
➔ Tip: Plants that summer in the garden are allowed to remain outdoors until late autumn and are only brought into the house before the first frosts.
The ideal location in brief:
- cool winter stand encourages flowering
Choose the ideal substrate
Echeveria needs a nutrient-rich substrate. Mineral components are also important for good growth. The water permeability of the substrate is very important. It is essential to avoid that irrigation water builds up in the planter. Waterlogged plants cannot tolerate waterlogging.
The substrate can be made more permeable by adding gravel, lava granulate or quartz sand. Cactus soil is very suitable for echevery. So that the rosettes do not rot or become moldy when lying on the substrate, it is advisable to apply a layer of gravel or bird sand on the substrate.
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The right substrate can be found in keywords:
Planting the echevery - step by step
- Select planter
- Prepare the substrate
- Lay drainage
- Fill in the substrate
- Insert the plant
- Fill in the substrate
- Apply a layer of gravel or sand
- Lightly water the plant
Planting echeveria - all facts at a glance
|site selection||▶ The location should be bright and sunny.|
▶ The plants tolerate blazing midday sun and can be placed at the south window.
▶ The plant can spend the summer outdoors.
▶ A cooler winter stand stimulates flowering.
|substrate selection||▶ The substrate should be loose so that the irrigation water can always drain off easily and that there is no waterlogging.|
▶ Cactus soil, which is mixed with sand or clay granulate, is very suitable.
|planting operation||▶ The planter can also be smaller.|
▶ The roots do not spread too far into the depth and therefore plant pots are also well suited.
▶ Before the substrate is filled in, drainage should be considered.
▶ This consists of gravel or shards of clay, which are placed on the bottom of the vessel and help prevent waterlogging.
Planting the echevery outdoors - is that possible?
The Echeverie can spend the summer outdoors. During this time, the succulent plant can also be placed outdoors. The plants are not hardy and must therefore be dug up again in autumn. This is made easier by placing the echeverie in the soil directly in the planting basket or by making do with the tubs.
Keep the echevery in the bucket
In the bucket, the outdoor echevery is particularly decorative. There is no need to choose a large flower pot. A smaller planting bowl is sufficient. In any case, make sure that the irrigation water can drain off well and that rainwater does not accumulate in the planter. A covered location is therefore advisable. This makes it easier to control the fluid balance. A drainage made of gravel or potsherds protects against waterlogging.
What should be considered when repotting?
Young plants grow relatively quickly and can move to a larger planter every spring. Older plants should be transplanted about every three years. This does not necessarily happen because they are ready to grow and threaten to exceed the size of the plant pot. The substrate wears out over time and should therefore be completely replaced when transplanting.
➔ Tip: Low growing echeveria have a particularly decorative effect in a planter.
When transplanting, care must be taken not to put the plants deeper in the ground than they originally stood. This could lead to putrefaction. If the substrate is covered with sand, the water can run off better and the lower leaves of the stemless species are protected from rotting.
➔ Tip: Some species are unique to the formation of aerial roots. The plants therefore do not have to be repotted when roots appear on the surface.
Repotting means stress for every plant. However, the echevery will quickly recover if the planting has been carried out carefully and the roots have been protected. To ensure that the plant recovers as quickly as possible, you should choose a shaded location for about two weeks after repotting and only then expose the plant to the blazing sun after this adjustment period.