The exotic bougainvillea is also considered a miracle flower because of its unique bloom. It is an absolute eye-catcher and can also be easily planted in this country under certain conditions.© vulcanus - Fotolia.com
Exotic charm moves in with the bougainvillea on the balcony and terrace. The original home of the triplet flower is in South America. The Bougainville seems to overcome fences and walls with ease. The colorful bracts create a firework of colors, similar to what we know from the poinsettia. As an ornamental plant, the bougainvillea is also quite easy to cultivate in our latitudes.
Below we reveal what should be considered when planting.
The Bougainvillea comprises almost 20 species and belongs to the family of the miraculous flowers. The small shrubs reach heights of up to five meters and are eager climbing plants. The colorful bracts are often mistaken for flowers. Most of these appear in red or violet tones. The triplet flower can also "bloom" white or orange. The plant owes its name to the three inconspicuous inflorescences that stand close together and are surrounded by the colored bracts.
Optimal planting conditions for the triplet flower
Find the right location
The main distribution area of the Bougainvillea is in Brazil. There the plant finds ideal conditions to form tendrils that are several meters long and to climb walls and fences. In our latitudes this is only possible to a limited extent because the plants are not hardy. The colorful bracts are sensitive to downpours or storms. If you do not consider this when choosing a location, you risk that the bracts will fall off.
A sunny location is necessary for the exotic to delight with its colorful bracts. The plant loves warmth and should not be too cold or drafty. It is also important to choose a protected location. For example, a wall or house wall is ideal, which is illuminated by the sun during the day and does not cool down so quickly at night and can still give off residual heat to the plant. A roof overhang protects against leaf loss due to rain and wind.
The bougainvillea should be given a climbing aid because it grows quickly at the right location.
" Tip: The plants also tolerate short cold spells, but must not overwinter outdoors.
Choose the ideal substrate
The demands on the substrate are not excessively high. The bougainvillea copes well with conventional potting soil. If garden soil is mixed with compost, the right substrate is also found. The plant then receives all the necessary nutrients and does not need to be fertilized in the first year of standing.
- slightly acidic
- garden soil
- potting soil
This is how to plant properly
❶ Select location
❷ Prepare the floor
❸ Dig out the planting hole
Einsetzen Insert the plant carefully
❺ Fill in the substrate
❻ Press the floor slightly
Ang Water the plant
There is no reason not to cultivate the plant outdoors in summer. If the right location has been found, the soil must first be cleared of weeds and stones. The substrate should be loosened and mixed with compost if necessary. The triplet flower does not tolerate waterlogging and therefore needs a loose substrate that allows the liquid to drain away easily. Be careful when planting so that the roots of the bougainvillea are not damaged.
Keep the bougainvillea as a container plant
Since the plants are not hardy, they have to move into the house in the cold season. Outdoor plants should therefore be removed from the ground in good time before the first frost and placed in a planter. The hobby gardener can simplify this by cultivating the triplet flower in the bucket. Then the move to the winter quarters is completed quickly and the plant can easily change its location even while outdoors.
Advantages and disadvantages
|Planters can be set up at any location.||Plants have a limited supply of nutrients.|
|Planters are easy to transport.||Planters freeze quickly.|
|Planters have a decorative effect on balconies or patios.||Planters must be of sufficient size, otherwise the plant will only grow to a limited extent.|
|Planters can move to winter quarters in just a few simple steps.|
Planting instructions for the bucket
❶ Select the appropriate bucket
❷ Apply drainage layer
❸ Fill in the substrate
Einsetzen Insert the plant
❺ Fill up the substrate
❻ Press on the floor
Ang Water the plant
❽ Select location
❾ Attach trellis if necessary
The planter should not be selected too small, but also not so big that the triplet flower is literally lost in it. Then it can happen that the plants put all their strength into rooting through the planter and the flower does not appear. The bucket must have a sufficiently large drainage hole. In order to prevent waterlogging, a layer of gravel or shards of clay should be laid out as drainage on the bottom of the vessel. This improves water drainage.
Container plants have the advantage that they can be adjusted in a few simple steps. However, if possible, the location should be maintained during the summer season. A protected and covered location, facing south, is preferable.
Repotting the bougainvillea - what is important?
Container plants find only a limited supply of nutrients. Therefore, it should not be neglected to repot the plants regularly. This should happen every two years. If the roots have already completely taken possession of the planter, it should be repotted in any case.
" Tip: The plants are preferably repotted in spring. Then the growing season has not started yet and the plants cope better with the change of substrate and planter.
The new planter should be a few centimeters more in diameter than its predecessor. There are sufficient drainage holes in the bottom of the vessel and the drainage already described should not be forgotten. A weakly acidic soil is best suited as a substrate. If you have the option of determining the pH value, the values between 6 and 6.5 are exactly right.
" Tip: After buying Bougainvillea, check the planter. The planters are often too small and already rooted through the plants. Then, regardless of the season, it should be transplanted.