The Echeverie is a very frugal plant that hardly does any work. Nevertheless, there are some peculiarities that you should know when caring for echevery.© @nt - Fotolia.com
The Echeverie is very suitable as a beginner plant. The robust exotic species do not immediately resent every mistake in care. Even diseases and pests are very rarely a problem. The extremely large biodiversity fascinates every hobby gardener. The thick leaf plants occur in about 200 species. Different shaped and grained leaves and pretty bell-shaped flowers are an incentive to reserve a place at the flower window for the echevery or on the balcony or terrace in summer.
In the following, we reveal what needs to be taken into account when taking care of succulents.
Water the echevery properly
Those who don't really take watering very seriously usually have bad cards with their houseplants. The Echeverie, on the other hand, is a real survivor, because the plants store the water in their leaves and can therefore cope well with longer periods of drought. Watering is rather moderate during the growing season. The surface of the earth should only appear moist. Before the next watering takes place, the soil must have dried thoroughly.
If you water the plants too much, you risk waterlogging. The Echeverie will then also not be able to develop its typical growth habit, rather grow bulky and finally rotten.
" Tip: No water should get on the leaves of the plant. Water stains can cause putrefaction.
Most Echeverie species grow stemless and often take up the entire planter with their leaf rosettes. The leaves would inevitably come into contact with the irrigation water. It is therefore advisable to water the plants only from below. For this, the plant is placed in a flat, water-filled saucer for about half an hour. The coaster is then removed again. If the plant were permanently in the water, it would quickly lead to root rot.
" Tip: In the winter half-year, only so much water is administered that the soil does not dry out completely.
As long as the irrigation water is not too calcareous, tap water can be used to water the echevery. The plants should preferably be watered with rainwater. For many plants, frequent spraying or installing humidifiers ensures that the air humidity is high. Echeveria copes very well with a low humidity.
- water moderately
- Soil may dry out between watering
- Leaves must not be wetted
- Water plants preferably from below
- hardly water in winter
- low humidity is tolerated
Properly fertilize the echeveria
During the growing season, echeveria can receive weakly concentrated cactus fertilizers (my recommendation: substrate cacti food). Fertilizers can be applied at monthly intervals between April and September.
After planting or transplanting, no fertilizers are necessary in the first year of standing. The earth is sufficiently enriched with nutrients. No commercial fertilizer has to be used. The plants are also happy with compost, a nettle stock or the water from the garden pond.
- use weakly concentrated cactus fertilizer
- Fertilizer application possible between April and September
- pause for four to eight weeks between each application of fertilizer
Cutting echeveria - is that necessary?
The succulents do not require regular pruning. However, the gardener should not lose sight of the plants entirely. It is always important to keep an eye out for withered or dried plant parts. These should be removed as they deprive the plant of unnecessary strength and thereby prevent it from growing.
" Tip: Scissors do not have to be used. The withered leaves or inflorescences can also be removed with a strong jerk by hand. This has the advantage that no unsightly residues remain on the plant, the bacteria offer an entry gate and favor the rotting of the plant.
Detect diseases and pests
The Echeveria is robust and is rarely infected by diseases or pests. Maintenance errors are often the reason why the leaves grow misshapen, fall off or the entire plant begins to rot.
Pest infestation can occur, especially in the winter half-year. Mealybugs are among the most common pests that affect echevery.
" Tip: Low humidity favors the occurrence of mealybugs.
❍ How do I recognize mealybugs?
The pests are not difficult to identify because they are surrounded by a kind of cotton ball that cannot be overlooked. Mealybugs can occur on all parts of the plant. The pests are up to five millimeters in size.
❍ How can mealybugs be fought?
The Echeverie tolerates dry indoor air. However, it should not be forgotten to ventilate regularly. If there is an infestation, the mealybugs must be removed immediately. This can be done with paper towels, cotton or wooden sticks. The cotton swabs can be soaked in alcohol. The wax layer of the pests is dissolved by the liquid.
Wintering echevery - what should be considered?
The plants need a rest period between October and March. This should be granted in a sunny and bright location. If the temperature is between five and ten degrees, chances are good that the plant will bloom next year. The soil must not dry out completely and can only be watered sporadically.
" Tip: After hibernation, the plants need to be used to outdoor sunlight. A radical relocation to the balcony or terrace can burn the leaves.