The exotic orchid tree does not find the best growing conditions in this country. Planted in a tub and under the optimal planting conditions, it can grow into an impressive plant.© kobolia - Fotolia.com
Many lovers will find orchids. These enjoy the flowers and watch the growth of the plants. It is all the more fascinating when orchids suddenly grow on trees. In fact, the flowers of the Bauhinien are reminiscent of our fragrant orchid flowers on the windowsill. Some types of these legumes even smell.
In the tropics, orchid trees are an ornament for gardens and parks. Since the plants originally from Asia are not hardy, in our latitudes only the keeping of containers is an option. In order for the orchid trees to develop well and give you a lot of pleasure with their filigree flowers in a few years, some care instructions must be observed. Appropriate care begins with planting. Now read how you can create the ideal growth basis for the orchid tree during planting.
Bauhinia is a species-rich plant family of evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or lianas. Some species are covered with thorns. Some orchid trees are even cultivated as climbing plants.
The orchid tree has alternate leaves, but other species have hairy leaves. The leaf edges are always smooth. Stipules of different shapes and forms can be present.
The flowers appear in grapes, panicles or umbrellas. The striking flowers can appear bell-shaped or cup-shaped. Orchid trees can bloom in white, yellow, orange, pink or deep red.
Optimal conditions for the orchid tree
The plants from Asia are sun-hungry. This should definitely be taken into account when planting. With just a few hours of sunshine a day, the orchid trees will be hard to settle for. In any case, shady spots should be avoided. The plants would wither, the leaves would shed and their beautiful flowers would be missing. Drafts are a major enemy of the orchid tree. So make sure you choose a location that is protected from the wind.
- full sun
With regard to the substrate, the orchid tree is quite undemanding. It is important that the soil is strong and rich in humus. The plant copes less well with poor soils. The growth is reduced and the flower may not appear. When choosing the substrate, it should also be borne in mind that the orchid tree does not tolerate waterlogging and therefore needs a permeable soil.
" Tip: The permeability of the soil can be improved by adding gravel. The water can then drain off better and the roots can grow well.
Bestimmen Determine your location
Auswählen Select planter
❸ Prepare the substrate
❹ Place drainage in the bucket bottom
❺ Water the orchid tree
❻ Plant the orchid tree
❼ Press the earth down well
❽ Water the plant
So that the plant can develop well, it should be given a sufficiently large planter. The vessel should exceed the size of the root ball by at least 2/3. It is also important to ensure that there are sufficient drainage holes in the bottom of the vessel. If there are no holes in the ground, irrigation water and rainwater cannot drain away and waterlogging occurs, which causes the roots to die. In order to prevent waterlogging, it is helpful to create a drainage in the bottom of the planter before filling up with substrate. To do this, lay pottery shards or lava granules on the bottom of the vessel.
The orchid tree is to be placed in the planter up to the root neck. Fill up with substrate and press the soil well. After planting, the orchid tree should receive enough water.
Planting an orchid tree - an overview of the most important steps
|Select planter||Due to the climatic conditions, orchid trees in our latitudes are only cultivated in tubs.|
The planter should be of sufficient size so that the roots can spread and develop well.
Sufficient drainage holes in the bottom of the vessel are also important so that there is no waterlogging because the irrigation water cannot drain off.
|Prepare the substrate||Orchid trees are not particularly demanding in terms of substrate.|
The floor must not be too heavy for the water to drain off.
Heavy soil can be made more permeable by adding gravel.
|Plant orchid tree||Before planting, a drainage layer is placed in the bottom of the container.|
This layer of pottery shards or lava granulate prevents waterlogging.
The plant is then carefully placed in the ground.
The substrate is filled in, well pressed and the orchid tree is watered sufficiently.
Cultivate the orchid tree in a bucket
Perhaps you have already admired orchid trees in their tropical home. There the plants often reach heights of up to ten meters. Here the hobby gardener has to make a few cuts. The plants are not adapted to our climate and should therefore not be grown outdoors in more mild regions.
Container plants will not reach the stated height. Keeping in the bucket requires meticulous plant care because the space and nutrients in the bucket are rather limited. So that the plants grow well and develop optimally, you should pay attention to the following things:
- sufficiently large planter
- enough drainage holes in the bottom of the vessel
- loose and permeable substrate
- sunny and sheltered location
The orchid tree is allowed outside in summer. Get used to the sun slowly, especially after moving from the winter quarters, the plants are sensitive to external stimuli. After a few days in partial shade, the plant can easily be relocated to the full sun.
Transplanting orchid trees - what should be considered?
Orchid trees grow extremely quickly in their natural environment. Rapid growth can also be observed in the bucket and the plants quickly emerge from the vessel. At the latest when the roots are already visible on the bottom of the container or on the surface, it can be assumed that the orchid tree has completely rooted through the plant pot and must therefore be transplanted.
Repotting is a good opportunity to take a closer look at the plant. Stunted roots or excessive growths can be removed. If desired, pruning can also be carried out as part of transplanting.
The best time to replant the orchid tree is midsummer, the time immediately after flowering.
The new planter should be a few centimeters larger than the previous plant pot. If you want to avoid transplanting in the next few years and therefore have a particularly large planter, you will probably experience disappointment with older plants. If you offer the plant too much space, the roots will do everything to take the plant pot for themselves again soon. This very natural behavior of the plants is unfortunately at the expense of flowering.