Hedges and shrubs are an integral part of an ornamental garden. Here you will find some types, whether evergreen, deciduous, blooming or fruit-bearing.© pia-pictures - Fotolia.com
Shrubs in the ornamental garden are like the salt in the soup. They give your garden structure. With their loose growth, they provide variety. And for colorful flower beds they are the perfect backdrop in the background.
The different colors and shapes of the leaves, different flowering times, varying colors and fragrances of the flowers and the variety of fruits indicate a large number of these ornamental trees. You can choose from weak, small shrubs, ornamental trees that grow up to 2.5 meters or those that grow much larger.
Most species are compatible with cutting and can be cut to the desired height. Many shrubs are therefore also suitable as a hedge. We would like to present some of these ornamental perennials to you in four sections.
- 1 Evergreen leafy shrubs
- 1.1 ❶ Boxwood
- 1.2 ❷ holly
- 1.3 ❸ Ruffled snowball
- 1.4 ❹ Japanese Aucube
- 2 deciduous shrubs
- 2.1 ❶ Harlequin willow
- 2.2 ❷ barberry (Sauerdorn)
- 2.3 ❸ Hornbeam
- 2.4 ❹ Red-leaved bladder spade 'Diabolo'
- 3 flowering shrubs
- 3.1 ❶ witch hazel
- 3.2 ❷ splendid bell
- 3.3 ❸ Garden jasmine "snowstorm"
- 3.4 ❹ wig bush
- 4 fruit-bearing shrubs
- 4.1 ❶ beautiful fruit / love pearl bush
- 4.2 ❷ Magic Berry Amethystberry
- 4.3 ❸ Pfaffenhütchen
- 4.4 itte Decorative quince
Evergreen leafy shrubs
When all other shrubs have already shed their leaves, flowers and fruit heads, the evergreens with their persistent leaves bring color and thus structure to your garden. How about one of the following plants?
Botanical: Buxus sempervirens© Stefan Körber - Fotolia.com
The classic among the evergreen leafy shrubs is the boxwood. You can use it in many ways. Do you want to use it for edging? Then it is best to choose a weakly growing variety. "Suffruticosa" and "Blauer Heinz" are recommended.
But you can also create higher hedges with boxwood. For this you have fast growing varieties like "Rotundifolia" and "Handsworthiensis" or the game species "Buxus sempervirens".
The targeted choice of variety also applies to topiary. "Suffruticosa" or "Green Gem" are ideal for small balls. For larger sculptures you are well advised to use higher varieties. If you choose variegated boxwood, you have to choose a protected location. These varieties are somewhat sensitive to frost.
Botanical: Ilex© valentino cazzanti - Fotolia.com
The holly family has well over 400 species. However, only a negligible number from this family group is actually suitable for the ornamental garden.
How about the holly "hedge fairy"? It is a very hardy variety and is particularly suitable for using hedges. But also planted solitary, it is an eye-catcher in summer and winter. With its dark green and shiny leaves and delightful red berries in autumn, the holly attracts attention.
It will reach a maximum height of 3 meters within 10 years. The wide upright growing variety "Blue Angel" is only half the size. However, it only bears female flowers. However, it is suitable as a pre-planting for the male and fruitless variety "Blue Prince".
❸ Ruffled snowball
Botanical: Viburnum rhytidophyllum© simona - Fotolia.com
The narrow, dark green leaves of the wrinkled snowball are strongly structured, wrinkled and hairy on the underside. For an evergreen wood, this snowball is incredibly robust and hardy.
Its flat white panicles of flowers appear from May to June. In autumn the red fruits follow, which later turn black.
Before you decide on this shrub, you should consider that the fine leaf hair can cause allergies. Include the wrinkled leaves in your decision. Some find them ugly, others are particularly enthusiastic about this leaf structure. The shrub comes into its own in combination with other evergreen trees such as ilex, mahonia, box or conifer.
❹ Japanese Aucube
Botanical: Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'© simona - Fotolia.com
The Japanese aucube, also called butcher palm, is a thick-growing shrub with evergreen, fleshy leaves. The variety 'Varigata' has irregularly shaped leaves that are drawn in yellow and speckled.
Because of the large, fleshy leaves, the Aucube should be placed in a partially shaded spot. If possible a little sheltered from the wind. The plant is particularly present in combination with other evergreen woody plants such as cherry laurel or lavender heather.
Another contrast is provided by the bright red fruits that form in late summer and keep on the bush until the next spring.
Care should be taken with the low winter hardiness. Winter protection is advisable in dry and cold regions. In order to promote the hardiness of the winter, the butcher palm should be protected from the outset, and it should be as shady and partially shady as possible.
This group captivates with its virgin, fresh foliage in spring and with unusual leaf coloring in autumn. Many of the deciduous shrubs also produce beautiful flowers and bear fruit. You can find an overview of four plants from this group of trees here.
❶ Harlequin willow
Botanical: Salix integra© Denis Rozhnovsky - Fotolia.com
With its white and then pink young shoots that look like flowers, the harlequin willow is an extraordinary phenomenon. The spotted, older foliage is just as attractive. The Salix integra is a real beauty and an asset for every garden, whether as a standard or as a shrub.
It finds an ideal location in both sun and light penumbra. The harlequin willow is also frugal in its soil requirements. It thrives excellently on sandy to medium-heavy soil and medium nutrient content. It only needs a lot of water after planting.
The spotted leaves are a characteristic of the 'Hakuro Nishiki' variety and are not sensitive to the sun without habituation. If the location is too dark, the leaf colors suffer.
❷ barberry (Sauerdorn)
Botanical: Berberis vulgaris© Michael Meijer - Fotolia.com
A beautiful domestic shrub is available to you with the "common barberry". This plant is also called pickled thorn or vinegar berries. The barberry can be used both as a hedge and as a single shrub.
In spring you can enjoy the yellow flowers, in autumn the shrub delivers bright red berries.
The barberry does not place high demands on the location and care. Barberry species are just as undemanding, such as the 'Aurea / Maria' barberry, which grows to a height of 1.5 meters and has golden yellow foliage. Or how about the red hedge barberry (Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea')? Planted in a hedge, this shrub provides up to 3 meters of protection against intruders.
Botanical: Carpinus betulus© JAG IMAGES - Fotolia.com
The hornbeam is known under various names. It is also called hornbeam or hornbeam. It is ideal for impenetrable enclosures. It also structures your garden and gives it a classic look.
The leaves are fresh green in spring and summer. The leaves turn bright yellow in autumn and brown in winter.
Last but not least, it is these characteristics of the hornbeam that make it so popular: it is frost-resistant, tolerant of shadows and easy to keep in shape. In addition, it is suitable for low hedges but also for walls up to 4 meters high. It brings the best conditions for privacy and wind protection.
❹ Red-leaved bladder spar 'Diabolo'
Botanical: Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diabolo'© gabort - Fotolia.com
Due to the color intensity of the red leaf blister spar 'Diabolo' you can create great color additions to green hedges in summer. Their red to reddish brown shoots and the blood-red leaves form an extraordinary contrast to the green bush hedges.
Delicate pink umbels appear on the shrub in June and July, from which red follicles grow.
This deciduous tree is vigorous and easy to care for. It can grow up to 3 meters high and has an upright shrub. Neither the floor nor the location make higher demands. Neither wind nor weather can do anything to the bladder spar. It is very robust and frost hardy.
It is above all the flowers with their diverse shapes, colors and scents that make this group of ornamental shrubs something special. We have put together a selection of four flowering shrubs for you and give you a little suggestion.
❶ witch hazel
Botanical: witch hazel© Alexander - Fotolia.com
The witch hazel is one of the frost-hardy winter bloomers. The particular charm of this wood is the yellow to red flowers and their unusual shapes.
The witch hazel does not make any special demands on care. However, you have to be patient because it grows very slowly. Their growth habit is sparring and broadly spreading. It can reach a height of a few meters.
For this winter flowering wood it is best to choose a sunny to partially shaded location. Make sure that it is free of drafts. Because the witch hazel can't stand the cold and drafts. The bloom remains uniformly beautiful only in mild winter weather. By the way, there are attractive varieties with different nuances in the flower color.
❷ splendid bell
Botanical: Enkianthus campanulatus© imageBROKER - Fotolia.com
If you want to create an ornamental garden, then you should pull the magnificent bell into the shortlist of your plants. In the dull autumn, it provides an extraordinary display of colors in the garden. This attractive ornamental tree with its yellowish-red tufts of flowers that resemble a lily of the valley appeals to the eye of the beholder with its large umbels and its fiery red autumn color.
Because of its relatively slow growth, it is particularly ideal for smaller gardens. It feels quite comfortable in the company of azaleas and rhododendrons.
The splendid bell, however, places some demands on its location. She loves the brightness and copes well with full sun in spring and autumn. On hot summer days, however, it prefers a partially shady to shady location. In any case, she wants to be protected from the wind.
❸ Garden jasmine "snowstorm"
Botanical: Philadelphus 'Schneesturm'© Olga Tkacheva - Fotolia.com
Its wonderful white tufts of flowers and the distinctly upright growth make garden jasmine really interesting for garden lovers. Depending on the variety, its flowers can be filled or unfilled.
One of the most popular varieties is 'Snowstorm', also known as peasant jasmine. The abundance of flowers gives the variety its name. During the flowering period from May to early July, the 'snow storm' exudes a wonderful fragrance.
It is also fast growing. With its very elegantly overhanging side branches, the shrub reaches a height of up to 2.5 meters. You can plant the jasmine in a fully sunny or partially shaded spot. However, you should not put it in the shade.
❹ wig bush
Botanical: Cotinus coggygria© Liga - Fotolia.com
In terms of appearance, the wig shrub is rather reserved in spring and summer. Its foliage is green or dark red and its flowering is inconspicuous. The plant has its furious finale in autumn. The flowers then develop pompom-like fruit heads reminiscent of wigs. These are accompanied by an impressive autumn color of the leaves.
The woody plant, which belongs to the tropical sumac family, is completely hardy and very frugal to care for.
The tiny stone drupes of the wig bush are not edible. However, the ornamental shrub makes up for this by the long, protruding hair. These surround the small fruits and give the plant its spectacular appearance in autumn.
The fruit-bearers in this group have qualified with their exceptional fruit position, their color and shape of the individual fruits. The fruits add color to your garden until late in the fall. You can also participate in this color palette with the following trees.
❶ Beautiful fruit / love pearl bush
Botanical: Callicarpa bodinieri© hcast - Fotolia.com
In autumn and winter, the purple pearls of the beautiful fruit, also known as a love pearl bush, are a real eye-catcher in the rather wintry, dreary garden. The branches are suitable for cutting and can be used excellently for decoration.
In summer, the beautiful fruit is attractive due to its purple flowers. The shrub is an eye-catcher for every garden. The leaves turn yellow-red in autumn.
In winter, the roots of the shrub are somewhat protected with leaves, compost or mulch. In very severe frost, the shrub freezes back easily. However, it sprouts again in spring.
It is recommended that you plant two shrubs. This way the ornamental shrubs can pollinate each other and carry even more "love pearls".
❷ Amethystberry 'Magic Berry'
Botanical: Symphoricarpos doorenbosii 'Magic Berry'© Wouter Hagens - commons.wikimedia.org
With its magical appearance, the amethyst berry offers magical moments. The typical pale pink flowers give first magical impressions. They will be presented in a beautiful bell shape from June. A short time later, the first magenta to scarlet berries adorn the shrub.
This wonderful shrub grows upright and develops overhanging shoots. It becomes about a meter high and about as wide. A sunny to partially shaded location is ideal, otherwise the amethyst berry is fairly undemanding.
You can use this shrub in a variety of ways, for example for a group planting, as a flowering hedge or as a container plant.
Botanical: Euonymus europaeus© M. Schuppich - Fotolia.com
The Pfaffenhütchen is a richly branched, sparrily growing wood and is suitable for every garden. As a shrub it can grow up to three meters high. But the Pfaffenhütchen is very compatible with cutting and can be cut back to any size.
Its intense autumn color with the glowing foliage is impressive. The shape of the bizarre looking fruits is comparable to that of a priest's hat. From August to October the fruits ripen.
Unfortunately, the plant is completely toxic to humans, especially the seeds. Birds are particularly taken with the fruits and seeds of this ornamental tree.
The Pfaffenhütchen can also be planted as a hedge, but must then be cut regularly.
❹ Ornamental quince
Botanical: Chaenomeles© Unkas Photo - Fotolia.com
The ornamental quince originally comes from East Asia and therefore goes well with themed gardens in Chinese or Japanese style. In addition, the rose plant is an asset to any garden. Botanically, however, it does not belong to the quince family.
In spring, from March to April, the abundant bloom in white, pink, orange or red conveys a Far Eastern charm in your garden. Their fragrant, apple-like fruits caress the garden lover in autumn and winter.
You can use the decorative quince as a solitary plant, for greening facades and also as a hedge. The wood is extremely versatile and easy to maintain. The spreading shrubs are particularly frost hardy and can be 1 to 5 meters high and 2 meters wide, depending on the species. Your fruits are edible but very hard.